Judith I Wyatt

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The production of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and interleukin-6 by human antral mucosa during short term culture in vitro has been measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. TNF alpha and interleukin-6 concentrations in culture supernatants were significantly greater (p less than 0.001) in patients infected with Helicobacter pylori, all of(More)
PURPOSE To measure the sensitivity and accuracy of double-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the cirrhotic liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-seven patients with MR features of dysplastic nodules and/or HCC were examined. T2-weighted spin-echo and T1-weighted gradient-echo imaging was performed(More)
AIMS To investigate the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in Helicobacter pylori infected normal and neoplastic gastroduodenal mucosa, and in established gastric cancer cell lines. METHODS Immunofluorescence techniques were used to localise IL-8 in cryosections of gastric (n = 25) and duodenal (n = 17) endoscopic biopsy specimens an in resected gastric(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively compare accuracy of dynamic contrast material-enhanced thin-section multi-detector row helical computed tomography (CT), high-spatial-resolution three-dimensional (3D) dynamic gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced MR imaging with optimized gradient-echo (GRE) sequence(More)
We designed a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for amplifying the Helicobacter pylori gene encoding 16S rRNA. Primers for the specific detection of H. pylori were designed for areas of the 16S rRNA gene in which there is the least sequence homology between H. pylori and its closest relatives. The specificity of detection was confirmed by ensuring that the(More)
The gastric IgA response to Helicobacter pylori was examined in 100 dyspeptic patients by means of immunoblotting of supernatants from antral biopsy and gastric mononuclear cell cultures. 76 of 78 patients with chronic gastritis, 2 of 8 with reactive gastritis, and 1 of 14 subjects with normal mucosa showed positive responses. Of patients with chronic(More)
The existence of a distinctive form of chronic gastritis characterized by marked infiltration of the surface and pitlining epithelium by mature T lymphocytes has been confirmed. Seventeen cases were identified amongst 382 patients with active chronic gastritis (4.5 per cent). The cases with lymphocytic gastritis had significantly higher counts of(More)
Gastric infection with Helicobacter pylori is frequently characterized by neutrophil infiltration. The production of the neutrophil-activating peptide (NAP-1/IL-8) and mucosal IgA autoantibodies to IL-8 by human antral biopsies have been examined during short-term in vitro culture. Detectable IL-8 was secreted by 84% of H. pylori-negative patients with(More)
We describe the clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical features of four cases of primary low-grade B-cell lymphoma of the liver. The lymphomas were first seen as a solitary nodule in two patients and as two nodules in the third patient. These were found incidentally in an otherwise normal liver during abdominal surgery for other causes. In the(More)
Ultrastructural examination of biopsies showing Helicobacter pylori associated chronic gastritis reveals close attachment between gastric surface epithelial cells and the organism. The finding of 'adhesion pedestals', which represents a cellular response to the presence of the organism, is analogous to the response of intestinal cells to enteropathogenic E(More)