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In this talk I will overview a survey paper developed from the DOE-­‐sponsored Institute for Computing in Science Workshop on " Multiphysics Simulations: Challenges and Opportunities. " In this paper, we considered multiphysics applications from algorithmic and architectural perspectives where " architectural " included both software and hardware(More)
In contrast to traditional terascale simulations that have known, fixed data inputs, dynamic data-driven (DDD) applications are characterized by unknown data and informed by dynamic observations. DDD simulations give rise to inverse problems of determining unknown data from sparse observations. The main difficulty is that the optimality system is a boundary(More)
We are interested in a DDDAS problem of localization of airborne contaminant releases in regional atmospheric transport models from sparse observations. Given measurements of the contaminant over an observation window at a small number of points in space, and a velocity field as predicted for example by a mesoscopic weather model, we seek an estimate of the(More)
Assimilation of spatially-and temporally-distributed state observations into simulations of dynamical systems stemming from dis-cretized PDEs leads to inverse problems with high-dimensional control spaces in the form of discretized initial conditions. Solution of such inverse problems in " real-time " is often intractable. This motivates the construction of(More)
We present a new library for parallel distributed Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT). The importance of FFT in science and engineering and the advances in high performance computing necessitate further improvements. AccFFT extends existing FFT libraries for CUDA-enabled Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) to distributed memory clusters. We use overlapping(More)
FOREWORD I am particularly delighted that this piece of research on the Action Plan for Community Nurses, Midwives and Health Visitors has been carried out and commend it to all community nurses, midwives, health visitors and their managers. In addition this research should be of significant value to Chief Executives of Boards, Trusts and GPs in the(More)
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