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BACKGROUND The recent development of electrospray tandem mass spectrometry makes it possible to screen newborns for many rare inborn errors of metabolism, but the efficacy and outcomes of screening remain unknown. We examined the effect of the screening of newborns by tandem mass spectrometry on the rates of diagnosis of 31 disorders. METHODS We compared(More)
We report on eleven pregnancies in 5 mothers. 6 of the babies had long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase (LCHAD) deficiency, and each of the pregnancies was complicated by features such as fatty liver and HELLP (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) syndrome. By contrast, 3 of the mothers also gave birth to unaffected babies, and(More)
Mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation disorders (FAOD) are a group of clinically and biochemically heterogeneous inherited metabolic defects. The spectrum of phenotypes has expanded from hepatic encephalopathy to encompass myopathy, cardiomyopathy, peripheral neuropathy, sudden death and pregnancy complicated by fetal FAOD. Pre-symptomatic diagnosis is(More)
Mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation (FAO) disorders are clinically and biochemically heterogeneous diseases mainly associated with intolerance to catabolic stress. These disorders can now be detected pre-symptomatically by newborn screening, and thus the clinical phenotype in an individual patient may be unclear. Correlation of clinical severity with(More)
Medium chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency presents with episodic fasting, hypoketotic hypoglycaemia, and coma. It is known to be potentially lethal, but the outlook for survivors is thought to be good. We reassessed all patients with MCAD deficiency diagnosed in New South Wales (population six million) to explore long term morbidity and(More)
Leukotrienes (LTs) are active lipid mediators derived in the 5-lipoxygenase pathway. LTC(4), the primary cysteinyl LT, is cleaved by gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), resulting in LTD(4). We studied the synthesis and metabolism of LTs in three patients with GGT deficiency. LTs were analyzed in urine, plasma, and monocytes after HPLC separation by enzyme(More)