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Engagement of the immunoinhibitory receptor, programmed death-1 (PD-1) attenuates T-cell receptor (TCR)-mediated activation of IL-2 production and T-cell proliferation. Here, we demonstrate that PD-1 modulation of T-cell function involves inhibition of TCR-mediated phosphorylation of ZAP70 and association with CD3zeta. In addition, PD-1 signaling attenuates(More)
Airway inflammation, including neutrophil influx is commonly seen in human pulmonary diseases. We developed an in vitro system where the adherence of neutrophils to bronchial epithelial cells could be examined. Primary cultures of nonhuman primate brenchial epithelial cells or transformed BEAS human bronchial epithelial cells were grown to confluence on(More)
Fibrosis is the accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins and is a common end pathway in many chronic diseases. To identify novel mediators of fibrosis we used transcript profiling in a mouse model of kidney fibrosis, the COL4A3 knockout (alport) mouse. One gene that we found up-regulated in fibrotic kidney was GLIPR-2, also known as GAPR-1 and C9orf19,(More)
The respiratory epithelium is often exposed to oxidant gases, including ozone from photochemical smog and toxic oxygen metabolites released from neutrophils recruited in conditions of airway inflammation. We evaluated DNA single strand break formation by alkaline elution as a measure of oxidant-induced DNA damage to bronchial epithelial cells. Human(More)
The submucosal glands are thought to be the primary source of the mucus overlying the primate trachea and conducting airways. This study characterizes the development of submucosal glands in the trachea of the rhesus monkey. Tracheas from 46 age-dated fetal, 8 postnatal and 3 adult rhesus were fixed in glutaraldehyde/paraformaldehyde and slices processed(More)
The 3' nontranslated region of the genomes of Sindbis virus (SIN) and other alphaviruses carries several repeat sequence elements (RSEs) as well as a 19-nucleotide (nt) conserved sequence element (3'CSE). The 3'CSE and the adjoining poly(A) tail of the SIN genome are thought to act as viral promoters for negative-sense RNA synthesis and genome replication.(More)
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