Judith G. Giri

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The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily of cytokines includes both soluble and membrane-bound proteins that regulate immune responses. A member of the human TNF family, BLyS (B lymphocyte stimulator), was identified that induced B cell proliferation and immunoglobulin secretion. BLyS expression on human monocytes could be up-regulated by(More)
Interleukin 15 (IL-15) is a novel cytokine that has recently been cloned and expressed. Whereas it has no sequence homology with IL-2, IL-15 interacts with components of the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R). In the present study we performed a functional analysis of recombinant IL-15 on phenotypically and functionally distinct populations of highly purified human(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) interacts with cells through two types of binding molecules, IL-1 type I receptor (IL-1R I) and IL-1R II. The function of IL-1R II is unknown. In studies using monoclonal antibodies, IL-1 prolonged the in vitro survival of polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) through IL-1R I, and IL-4 antagonized the action of IL-1 by inducing expression and(More)
B-lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS) is a recently identified novel member of the tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily shown to exist in a membrane-bound and soluble form. BLyS was found to be specifically expressed on cells of myeloid lineage and to selectively stimulate B-lymphocyte proliferation and immunoglobulin production. The expression of a cytokine(More)
We have recently cloned a novel cytokine, IL-15, with shared bioactivities but no sequence homology with IL-2. We found high affinity IL-15 binding to many cell types, including cells of non-lymphoid origin. Analysis of IL-15 interaction with subunits of the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) revealed that the alpha subunit was not involved in IL-15 binding. We(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1), a peptide hormone produced by activated macrophages, possesses the ability to modulate the proliferation, maturation and functional activation of a broad spectrum of cell types and may play a major role in the initiation and amplification of immune and inflammatory responses through its action on these diverse cell populations. IL-1(More)
Interleukins-2 and -15 (IL-2 and IL-15) are cytokines with overlapping but distinct biological effects. Their receptors share two subunits (the IL-2R beta and -gamma chains) that are essential for signal transduction. The IL-2 receptor requires an additional IL-2-specific alpha subunit for high affinity IL-2 binding. Recently, a murine IL-15-specific alpha(More)
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a novel cytokine of the four-helix bundle family which shares many biological activities with IL-2, probably due to its interaction with the IL-2 receptor beta and gamma (IL-2R beta and gamma c) chains. We report here the characterization and molecular cloning of a distinct murine IL-15R alpha chain. IL-15R alpha alone displays an(More)
These studies have examined the binding of the three IL-1 ligands, IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1 ra), to soluble forms of types I and II IL-1Rs (sIL-1RI and sIL-1RII). This interaction was measured in direct binding experiments, in which the ligands bound to immobilized sIL-1R, and in inhibition experiments, in which sIL-1R in(More)
Two types of cellular IL-1Rs have been characterized and cloned from both human and murine sources. The type II IL-1R has a very short cytoplasmic domain and does not seem to participate in IL-1 signaling. We demonstrate that type II IL-1Rs are released from the surface of neutrophils in response to treatment with TNF or endotoxin. In addition, serum from(More)