Judith F. Baumhauer

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BACKGROUND In a previous investigation, eighty-two patients with chronic proximal plantar fasciitis for a duration of more than ten months completed a randomized, prospective clinical trial. The patients received instructions for either a plantar fascia-stretching protocol or an Achilles tendon-stretching protocol and were evaluated after eight weeks.(More)
Over two million individuals suffer ankle ligament trauma each year in the United States, more than half of these injuries are severe ligament sprains; however, very little is known about the factors that predispose individuals to these injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with ankle injury. We performed a(More)
Controversies of talus fractures are related to the rare incidence of these fractures and the even more sparse, clinically based, objective research examining treatment outcomes. This article outlines various talus fracture types, treatment, and treatment controversies. A discussion section summarizing treatment controversies of talar neck fractures, the(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 10% of patients with plantar fasciitis have development of persistent and often disabling symptoms. A poor response to treatment may be due, in part, to inappropriate and nonspecific stretching techniques. We hypothesized that patients with chronic plantar fasciitis who are managed with the structure-specific plantar(More)
BACKGROUND Charcot arthropathy is a chronic, progressive destructive process affecting bone architecture and joint alignment in people lacking protective sensation. The etiologic factors leading to progressive bone resorption have not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to histologically examine surgical specimens with Charcot arthropathy for(More)
BACKGROUND The use of clinical outcomes instruments is essential for the effective interpretation of individual patient progress as well as the comparison of treatment groups. An outcomes instrument must be reliable and valid to obtain any meaningful data. The purpose of the present study was to examine the reliability and validity of the American(More)
BACKGROUND The range of joint motion is a commonly reported outcome measure in assessment of the great toe. Although motion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint during gait is of primary functional importance, clinicians rely on relatively static clinical measures to assess this joint. The relationship between the results of commonly used clinical tests(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of a 4-week intervention with a full-length carbon graphite (FL) orthosis on pain and function in patients with midfoot arthritis, and to identify alterations in in vivo foot kinematics accompanying FL use in patients with midfoot arthritis. These results have immediate application for enhancing patient care through effective(More)
STUDY DESIGN Experimental laboratory study supplemented by a case series. OBJECTIVES (1) To assess the effect of a 4-week intervention with a full-length insert on functional outcomes in patients with midfoot arthritis; (2) to examine the effect of the custom molded three-quarter-length (3Q) and full-length (FL) carbon graphite insert on plantar loading(More)