Learn More
Persistent pruritus is a common disabling dermatologic symptom associated with different etiologic factors. These include primary skin conditions, as well as neuropathic, psychogenic, or systemic disorders like chronic liver disease. Defective clearance of potential pruritogenic substances that activate itch-specific neurons innervating the skin is thought(More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV1) transduces noxious chemical and physical stimuli in high-threshold nociceptors. The pivotal role of TRPV1 in the physiopathology of pain transduction has thrust the identification and characterization of interacting partners that modulate its cellular function. Here, we report that TRPV1 associates with(More)
Secretory vesicles of chromaffin cells are acidic organelles that maintain an increasing pH gradient towards the cytosol (5.5 vs. 7.3) that is mediated by V-ATPase activity. This gradient is primarily responsible for the accumulation of large concentrations of amines and Ca(2+), although the mechanisms mediating Ca(2+) uptake and release from granules, and(More)
The α7 acetylcholine nicotine receptor is a ligand-gated ion channel that is involved in cognition disorders, schizophrenia, pain and inflammation among other diseases. Therefore, the development of new agents that target this receptor has great significance. Positive allosteric modulators might be advantageous, since they facilitate receptor responses(More)
The colligative properties of ATP and catecholamines demonstrated in vitro are thought to be responsible for the extraordinary accumulation of solutes inside chromaffin cell secretory vesicles, although this has yet to be demonstrated in living cells. Because functional cells cannot be deprived of ATP, we have knocked down the expression of the vesicular(More)
Chromogranins A (CgA) and B (CgB) are the main soluble proteins of large dense-core secretory vesicles (LDCVs). Using CgA- and CgB-knockout (KO) mice, we found that the absence of chromogranins A and B induces significant changes in catecholamine (CA) accumulation and the kinetics of exocytosis. By crossing these two knockout strains, we generated a viable(More)
The accumulation of neurotransmitters within secretory vesicles (SVs) far exceeds the theoretical tonic concentrations in the cytosol, a phenomenon that has captivated the attention of scientists for decades. For instance, chromaffin granules can accumulate close to molar concentrations of catecholamines, along with many other products like ATP, calcium,(More)
Chromogranins (Cgs) are acidic proteins implicated in several physiological processes, including the biogenesis and sorting of secretory vesicles, the generation of bioactive peptides, and the accumulation of soluble species inside large dense core vesicles (LDCV). Indeed, Cgs are the main protein component of the vesicular matrix in LDCV, and they are(More)
  • 1