Judith Ebert

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The exon junction complex (EJC) plays a major role in posttranscriptional regulation of mRNA in metazoa. The EJC is deposited onto mRNA during splicing and is transported to the cytoplasm where it influences translation, surveillance, and localization of the spliced mRNA. The complex is formed by the association of four proteins (eIF4AIII, Barentsz [Btz],(More)
In metazoa, regulation of the phosphorylation state of UPF1 is crucial for nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), a process by which aberrant mRNAs containing nonsense mutations are degraded. UPF1 is targeted for dephosphorylation by three related proteins, SMG5, SMG6, and SMG7. We report here the crystal structure of the N-terminal domain of SMG7. The(More)
The chromosomal passenger complex (CPC) is a key regulator of chromosome segregation and cytokinesis. CPC functions are connected to its localization. The complex first localizes to centromeres and later associates with the central spindle and midbody. Survivin, Borealin, and INCENP are the three components of the CPC that regulate the activity and(More)
The ASAP complex interacts with the exon-junction complex (EJC), a messenger ribonucleoprotein complex involved in post-transcriptional regulation. The three ASAP subunits (Acinus, RNPS1 and SAP18) have been individually implicated in transcriptional regulation, pre-mRNA splicing and mRNA quality control. To shed light on the basis for and consequences of(More)
We have sequenced the complete genome of a hepatitis B virus (HBV) strain that was transmitted from a gibbon with chronic hepatitis B to a chimpanzee that subsequently developed acute hepatitis B. The genome was 3,182 nucleotides long and had a genetic organization identical to and including the characteristics of other mammalian hepadnaviruses. Thus, the(More)
The exosome is a conserved macromolecular complex essential for RNA degradation. The nine-subunit core of the eukaryotic exosome shares a similar barrel-like architecture with prokaryotic complexes, but is catalytically inert. Here, we investigate how the Rrp44 nuclease functions in the active ten-subunit exosome. The 3.0 A resolution crystal structure of(More)
Cse1 mediates nuclear export of importin alpha, the nuclear localization signal (NLS) import adaptor. We report the 3.1 A resolution structure of cargo-free Cse1, representing this HEAT repeat protein in its cytosolic state. Cse1 is compact, consisting of N- and C-terminal arches that interact to form a ring. Comparison with the structure of cargo-bound(More)
The exon junction complex (EJC) is deposited on mRNAs as a consequence of splicing and influences postsplicing mRNA metabolism. The Mago-Y14 heterodimer is a core component of the EJC. Recently, the protein PYM has been identified as an interacting partner of Mago-Y14. Here we show that PYM is a cytoplasmic RNA-binding protein that is excluded from the(More)
The transport of macromolecules between the nucleus and cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells is largely mediated by a single family of transport factors, the karyopherin or importin beta-like family. Structural and biochemical evidence suggests conformational flexibility of these modular HEAT-repeat proteins is crucial for their regulation. Here we use small angle(More)
The eukaryotic exosome is a key nuclease for the degradation, processing and quality control of a wide variety of RNAs. Here, we report electron microscopic reconstructions and pseudo-atomic models of the ten-subunit Saccharomyces cerevisiae exosome in the unbound and RNA-bound states. In the RNA-bound structures, extra density that is visible at the entry(More)