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Optimal reexpression of most genes silenced through promoter methylation requires the sequential application of DNA methyltransferase inhibitors followed by histone deacetylase inhibitors in tumor cell cultures. Patients with myelodys-plastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were treated with the methyltransferase inhibitor 5-azacitidine (aza-CR)(More)
BACKGROUND The growing number of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infections worldwide and the increasing use of immunosuppressive modalities for organ transplantation have contributed to an epidemic of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), which has been etiologically linked to human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) or KS-associated virus. Since the onset of the acquired(More)
The topoisomerase (topo) II-directed agents etoposide, daunorubicin (DNR), and amsacrine (m-AMSA) are widely used in the treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). In the present study, multiple aspects of topo II-mediated drug action were examined in marrows from adult AML patients. Colony-forming assays revealed that the dose of etoposide, DNR, or(More)
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is a novel member of the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette superfamily of transport proteins. Transfection and enforced expression of BCRP in drug-sensitive cells confer resistance to mitoxantrone, doxorubicin, daunorubicin, and topotecan. We studied blast cells from 21 acute leukemia patients (20 acute myeloid(More)
BACKGROUND Farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors (FTIs) were originally developed to inhibit oncogenic ras, however it is now clear that there are several other potential targets for this drug class. The FTI tipifarnib (ZARNESTRA, R115777) has recently demonstrated clinical responses in adults with refractory and relapsed acute leukemias. This study was(More)
Outcomes for older adults with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) are poor due to both disease and host-related factors. In this phase 2 study, we tested the oral farnesyltransferase inhibitor tipifarnib in 158 older adults with previously untreated, poor-risk AML. The median age was 74 years, and a majority of patients had antecedent myelodysplastic(More)
We report the results of a phase I dose escalation trial of the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib in relapsed and refractory acute leukemia patients using an intermittent dosing regimen. Fifteen patients with advanced leukemia (12 with acute myeloid leukemia, 2 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 1 with biphenotypic) and a median age of 63 (range 37-85) years(More)
PURPOSE Flavopiridol is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor currently undergoing human clinical trials. As clinical development is pursued, it becomes important to evaluate resistance mechanisms to flavopiridol. To elucidate the contribution of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) to cellular resistance to flavopiridol in acute myeloid leukemia, we(More)
PURPOSE Outcomes for early-stage breast cancer have improved. First-generation adjuvant chemotherapy trials reported a 0.27% 8-year cumulative incidence of myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myelogenous leukemia. Incomplete ascertainment and follow-up may have underestimated subsequent risk of treatment-associated marrow neoplasm (MN). PATIENTS AND METHODS We(More)
Farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs) represent a new class of signal transduction inhibitors that block the processing of cellular polypeptides that have cysteine terminal residues and, by so doing, interdict multiple pathways involved in proliferation and survival of diverse malignant cell types. Tipifarnib is an orally bioavailable, nonpeptidomimetic(More)