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Diffusion-weighted imaging plays important roles in cancer diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment. Although most applications measure restricted diffusion by tumor cellularity, diffusion-weighted imaging is also sensitive to vascularity through the intravoxel incoherent motion effect. Hypervascularity can confound apparent diffusion coefficient measurements(More)
Translational regulation is critical in cancer development and progression. Translation sustains tumor growth and development of a tumor vasculature, a process known as angiogenesis, which is activated by hypoxia. Here we first demonstrate that a majority of large advanced breast cancers overexpress translation regulatory protein 4E-BP1 and initiation(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway is thought to be a key driver of tumor growth in Merlin (NF2)-deficient tumors. Everolimus is an oral inhibitor of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) with antitumor activity in a variety of cancers. METHODS We conducted a single-institution, prospective, 2-stage, open-label phase II(More)
OBJECTIVE This study reviews the 223 consecutive mitral valve operations for ischemic mitral insufficiency performed at New York University Medical Center between January 1976 and January 1996. The results for mitral valve reconstruction are compared with those for prosthetic mitral valve replacement. METHODS From January 1976 to January 1996, 223(More)
PURPOSE To report the clinical feasibility of a trial of accelerated whole-breast intensity modulated radiotherapy, with the patient in prone position, optimally to spare the heart and lung. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with stages I or II breast cancer, excised by breast conserving surgery with negative margins, were eligible for this institutional(More)
This study attempts to evaluate the clinicopathologic features of mixed subtype adenocarcinomas and the prognostic implications of histopathology classifications. Surgical specimens from 141 patients with clinical stage I or II lung adenocarcinoma during the period 1992-2004 were included. These cases were classified into four groups defined by the extent(More)
OBJECTIVES we sought to determine whether patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) would benefit from ventricular reshaping by the Coapsys device (Myocor, Inc., Maple Grove, Minnesota). BACKGROUND FMR occurs when ventricular remodeling impairs valve function. Coapsys is a ventricular shape change device placed without cardiopulmonary bypass to(More)
BACKGROUND An abscopal response describes radiotherapy-induced immune-mediated tumour regression at sites distant to the irradiated field. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor is a potent stimulator of dendritic cell maturation. We postulated that the exploitation of the pro-immunogenic effects of radiotherapy with granulocyte-macrophage(More)
they have been initiated by a psychiatrist. " Aripiprazole and quetiapine are both approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for augmentation pharmacotherapy of major depressive disorder. Given a shortage of psychiatrists, 5 and wait times of up to 3 months to see a psychiatrist, and in an age when psychiatric disorders are the leading source of(More)
INTRODUCTION Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive and rare cancer with a poor prognosis and a need for novel targeted therapeutic strategies. Preclinical IBC data showed strong activation of the phosphatidylinositide-3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)(More)