Judith Axler Turner

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BACKGROUND Vertebroplasty is commonly used to treat painful, osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. METHODS In this multicenter trial, we randomly assigned 131 patients who had one to three painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures to undergo either vertebroplasty or a simulated procedure without cement (control group). The primary(More)
This paper describes the development and validation of a measure of strategies used by patients to cope with chronic pain, the Chronic Pain Coping Inventory (CPCI). A 104-item measure of pain coping responses and 3 measures of functioning were completed by 176 chronic pain patients. Two-week retest data were provided by 111 of these patients. Item and scale(More)
CONTEXT Back and neck problems are among the symptoms most commonly encountered in clinical practice. However, few studies have examined national trends in expenditures for back and neck problems or related these trends to health status measures. OBJECTIVES To estimate inpatient, outpatient, emergency department, and pharmacy expenditures related to back(More)
Chronic back pain is among the most common patient complaints. Its prevalence and impact have spawned a rapidly expanding range of tests and treatments. Some of these have become widely used for indications that are not well validated, leading to uncertainty about efficacy and safety, increasing complication rates, and marketing abuses. Recent studies(More)
Reliable and valid measures of pain are essential for conducting research on chronic pain. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to compare the reliability and validity of several measures of pain intensity. One hundred twenty-three patients with chronic pain were administered telephone interview versions of 0-10 scales of current, worst, least and(More)
Fusarium head blight of wheat is caused by a disease complex comprised of toxigenic pathogens, predominantly Fusarium spp., and a non-toxigenic pathogen Microdochium nivale, which causes symptoms visually indistinguishable from Fusarium and is often included as a causal agent of Fusarium head blight. Four field trials are reported here, including both(More)
An important issue that has yet to be resolved in pain measurement literature concerns the number of levels needed to assess self-reported pain intensity. An examination of treatment outcome literature shows a large variation in the number of levels used, from as few as 4 (e.g., 4-point Verbal Rating scales (VRS)) to as many as 101 (e.g., 101-point(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine success and complication rates for lumbar spinal fusion surgery, predictors of good outcomes, and whether fusion improves success rates of laminectomy for specific low back disorders. DATA SOURCES English-language journal articles published from 1966 through April 1991, identified through MEDLINE searching (spinal fusion plus(More)
A growing number of investigators have used models of stress and coping to help explain the differences in adjustment found among persons who experience chronic pain. This article reviews the empirical research which has examined the relationships among beliefs, coping, and adjustment to chronic pain. Although preliminary, some consistent findings are(More)
Pain-related beliefs and pain coping strategies are central components of current cognitive-behavioral models of chronic pain, and have been found in numerous studies to be associated significantly with psychosocial and physical disability. However, the length of most measures of pain-related beliefs and coping restricts the ability of clinicians and(More)