Judith Austermann

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Ezrin is a multidomain protein providing regulated membrane-cytoskeleton contacts that play a role in cell differentiation, adhesion, and migration. Within the cytosol of resting cells ezrin resides in an autoinhibited conformation in which the N- and C-terminal ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) association domains (ERMADs) interact with one another. Activation of(More)
The Staphylococcus aureus pore-forming toxin PVL is most likely causative for life-threatening necrotizing infections, which are characterized by massive tissue inflammation and necrosis. Whereas the cytotoxic action of PVL on human neutrophils is already well established, the PVL effects on other sensitive cell types, such as monocytes and macrophages, are(More)
Ca(2+)-binding proteins of the S100 family participate in intracellular Ca(2+) signaling by binding to and regulating specific cellular targets in their Ca(2+)-loaded conformation. Because the information on specific cellular targets of different S100 proteins is still limited, we developed an affinity approach that selects for protein targets only binding(More)
In a quantitative manner, we investigated the mechanism of switching ezrin from the dormant to the active, F-actin binding state by recognition of PIP 2. For this purpose, we established a novel in vitro model mimicking ezrin-mediated membrane-cytoskeleton attachment and compared the F-actin binding capability of ezrin that either had been coupled via a His(More)
The alarmins myeloid-related protein (MRP)8 and MRP14 are the most prevalent cytoplasmic proteins in phagocytes. When released from activated or necrotic phagocytes, extracellular MRP8/MRP14 promote inflammation in many diseases, including infections, allergies, autoimmune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. The involvement of(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperzincemia and hypercalprotectinemia (Hz/Hc) is a distinct autoinflammatory entity involving extremely high serum concentrations of the proinflammatory alarmin myeloid-related protein (MRP) 8/14 (S100A8/S100A9 and calprotectin). OBJECTIVE We sought to characterize the genetic cause and clinical spectrum of Hz/Hc. METHODS(More)
Phosphorylation of the Ca2+ and membrane-binding protein annexin 1 by epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor tyrosine kinase has been thought to be involved in regulation of the EGF receptor trafficking. To elucidate the interaction of annexin 1 during EGF receptor internalization, we followed the distribution of annexin 1-GFP fusion proteins at sites of(More)
Hyporesponsiveness by phagocytes is a well-known phenomenon in sepsis that is frequently induced by low-dose endotoxin stimulation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) but can also be found under sterile inflammatory conditions. We now demonstrate that the endogenous alarmins MRP8 and MRP14 induce phagocyte hyporesponsiveness via chromatin modifications in a(More)
Mrp8 and Mrp14 are endogenous alarmins amplifying inflammation via Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4) activation. Due to their pro-inflammatory properties, alarmins are supposed to enhance adaptive immunity via activation of dendritic cells (DCs). In contrast, analysing a model of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) we observed a more severe disease outcome in(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the sensitivity of the phagocyte-specific molecules myeloid-related protein (MRP) 8 and MRP14 (calprotectin) for monitoring disease activity during anti-interleukin (IL)-1 therapies in patients with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS), including familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS), Muckle-Wells syndrome (MWS) and(More)