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Previous magnetic resonance (MR) volume imaging and proton MR spectroscopy studies have suggested a reduction in the hippocampal size and/or neuronal/axonal density in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The lack of agreement on the laterality of the hippocampal dysfunction prompted this study. A total of 20 veterans (18 men and two women) and one female(More)
31 staff members within one VA medical center were briefly trained in using the Global Assessment of Functioning scale. At both pre- and posttraining participants provided Global Assessment of Functioning scores and identified their GAF-derivation strategies for two vignettes describing hypothetical patients. Analysis showed that initially there was inter-(More)
Psychological distress among cohabitating female partners of combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was examined in a cross-sectional study using a modified version of the Health Belief Model. A convenience sample of 89 cohabitating female partners of male veterans in outpatient PTSD treatment was interviewed by telephone using a(More)
A number of issues should be considered when applying profile interpretations and subscales derived from the original MMPI. These issues and the overall utility of the MMPI-2 for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) evaluations are summarized. The Keane PTSD scale is found to be an effective tool for differential diagnosis when a cut-off score of 28 is(More)
A study was conducted to further investigate whether the Keane Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) can be employed as a separate instrument administered outside the context of the full MMPI. A group of Vietnam combat veterans with diagnosed PTSD and two comparison groups of veterans without(More)
The objectives of this study were to perform an initial needs assessment of partners of Vietnam veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to assess the partners' current rates of treatment use. A telephone survey was conducted with 89 cohabitating female partners of male combat veterans who were receiving outpatient PTSD(More)
OBJECTIVES Blood cultures are performed in the emergency room when sepsis is suspected, and a cohort of patients is thereby identified. The present study investigated the outcomes (mortality and length of hospital stay) in this group following an emergency medical admission. METHODS Prospective assessment of all emergency medical admissions presenting to(More)
OBJECTIVES Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is increasingly prevalent among Veterans characterized by recurrent nightmare and disrupted sleep. Veterans with PTSD also have a high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and untreated OSA worsens the sleep-related symptoms of PTSD. In our study, we hypothesized that among PTSD-afflicted Veterans with(More)