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BACKGROUND Domestic violence is the most common cause of nonfatal injury to women in the United States. To identify risk factors for such injuries, we examined the socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics of women who were victims of domestic violence and the men who injured them. METHODS We conducted a case-control study at eight large,(More)
Calcification is the principal cause of failure of tissue-derived cardiac valve replacements pretreated with glutaraldehyde (GLUT). The objective of this study was to determine the role of GLUT-induced cross-links in bovine pericardial tissue calcification. Various levels of 3H-GLUT incorporation were obtained by varying incubation pH, and protein(More)
Calcification is the principal mode of failure of bioprosthetic heart valves (BPHV) fabricated from glutaraldehyde-pretreated porcine aortic valves or bovine pericardium. Covalent binding of aminopropanehydroxy-diphosphonate (APDP) to residual glutaraldehyde in pericardial BPHV tissue was studied as an approach for the inhibition of calcification. BPHV(More)
The study was conducted to investigate the impact of an Interpreter Service on intensity of Emergency Department (ED) services, utilization, and charges. This study describes the effects of language barriers on health care service delivery for the index ED visit and a subsequent 90-day period. In all 26,573 ED records from July to November, 1999, resulted(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Physicians have an important role in the diagnosis, treatment, and documentation of violence-inflicted injuries. Physicians may also be legally mandated to report these assault-related injuries to law enforcement. Previous studies have shown that physicians may not be aware of the reporting laws in their state. The objective of this study(More)
Trauma to the eye represents approximately 3% of all emergency department visits in the United States. Rapid assessment and examination following trauma to the eye is crucial. A thorough knowledge of potential injuries is imperative to ensure rapid diagnosis, to prevent further damage to the eye, and to preserve visual capacity. This article describes the(More)
This project was developed from the research network track at the 2012 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference on education research in emergency medicine (EM). Using a combination of consensus techniques, the modified Delphi method, and qualitative research methods, the authors describe multiple aspects of developing, implementing, managing, and(More)
OBJECTIVES Effective real-time feedback is critical to medical education. This study tested the hypothesis that an educational intervention related to feedback would improve emergency medicine (EM) faculty and resident physician satisfaction with feedback. METHODS This was a cluster-randomized, controlled study of 15 EM residency programs in 2007-2008. An(More)
BACKGROUND Although rare, HIV transmission is one of the most feared consequences of sexual assault. While availability of medications to prevent HIV transmission (HIV nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis [HIV nPEP]) is increasing, little is known about emergency department (ED) prescribing practices and patient adherence to treatment recommendations.(More)