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Polyploidization, or genome duplication, has played a critical role in the diversification of animals, fungi and plants. Little is known about the population structure and multiple origins of polyploid species because of the difficulty in identifying multiple homeologous nuclear genes. The allotetraploid species Arabidopsis kamchatica is closely related to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hybridization is an important evolutionary phenomenon, and therefore a detailed understanding of the dynamics of interspecific gene flow and resulting morphological and genetic patterns is of widespread interest. Here hybridization between the polyploids Cardamine pratensis and C. raphanifolia at four localities is explored. Using(More)
UNLABELLED PREMISE OF THE STUDY Studies on genetic structure of plant populations help us understand the history of local flora and vegetation. In this study, we focus on the temperate-boreal herb Cardamine scutata from northeast Asia, an area with scarce phylogeographic studies. We explore patterns of genetic variation within this species, with an aim(More)
Interspecific hybridization and polyploidization have played central roles in plant diversification. However, technical difficulties in the analyses of low-copy genes have limited the study of the origins of hybrid and polyploid plants. Here, we present a phylogenetic analysis of the hexaploid Cardamine asarifolia, distributed in the southern European Alps(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Intraspecific ploidy-level variation is an important aspect of a species' genetic make-up, which may lend insight into its evolutionary history and future potential. The present study explores this phenomenon in a group of eastern Asian Cardamine species. METHODS Plant material was sampled from 59 localities in Japan and Korea, which(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Diploid representatives from the related polyploid complexes of Cardamine amara, C. pratensis and C. raphanifolia (Brassicaceae), were studied to elucidate phylogenetic relationships among the complexes and among the individual taxa included. METHODS Two independent molecular data sets were used: nucleotide sequences from the internal(More)
Phylogenetic relationships, biogeography, and taxonomy of a group of taxa putatively related to the tetraploid Cardamine flexuosa were explored using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region of nrDNA (ITS) and the trnL-trnF region of cpDNA. Taxon sampling focused on eastern Asia, North America, and Europe, and included 19 taxa represented by 177(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Viola species are commonly grown for their ornamental flowers, but their evolutionary history and taxonomy are often complicated and have been poorly explored so far. This is a study of the polymorphic, typically blue-flowered species Viola suavis, concentrating on the white-flowered populations of uncertain taxonomic assignment that(More)
Seventy-four nucleotide sequences from the ITS regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA and 76 from the trnL-trnF spacer of chloroplast DNA were used to address the origin of tetraploid Cardamine amporitana, the conspecifity of central Italian and northeastern Spanish populations, and the possible cause for such geographic disjunction. Because of the complex(More)