Judita Lihová

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Polyploidization, or genome duplication, has played a critical role in the diversification of animals, fungi and plants. Little is known about the population structure and multiple origins of polyploid species because of the difficulty in identifying multiple homeologous nuclear genes. The allotetraploid species Arabidopsis kamchatica is closely related to(More)
Interspecific hybridization and polyploidization have played central roles in plant diversification. However, technical difficulties in the analyses of low-copy genes have limited the study of the origins of hybrid and polyploid plants. Here, we present a phylogenetic analysis of the hexaploid Cardamine asarifolia, distributed in the southern European Alps(More)
The taxomically critical species Centaurea stoebe is represented in Central Europe by a diploid (2n = 18) and a tetraploid (2n = 36) cytotype. Their morphological differentiation and taxonomic treatment is still controversial. Karyological (chromosome numbers and flow cytometric measurements) and multivariate morphometric analyses were used here to address(More)
The family Brassicaceae is well known for its large variation in chromosome numbers, common occurrence of polyploids and many reports of interspecific gene flow. The present review summarizes studies from the past decades on polyploidization and hybridization events, recognizing them as important evolutionary forces in the family. Attention is drawn to the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Diploid representatives from the related polyploid complexes of Cardamine amara, C. pratensis and C. raphanifolia (Brassicaceae), were studied to elucidate phylogenetic relationships among the complexes and among the individual taxa included. METHODS Two independent molecular data sets were used: nucleotide sequences from the internal(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Intraspecific ploidy-level variation is an important aspect of a species' genetic make-up, which may lend insight into its evolutionary history and future potential. The present study explores this phenomenon in a group of eastern Asian Cardamine species. METHODS Plant material was sampled from 59 localities in Japan and Korea, which(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hybridization is an important evolutionary phenomenon, and therefore a detailed understanding of the dynamics of interspecific gene flow and resulting morphological and genetic patterns is of widespread interest. Here hybridization between the polyploids Cardamine pratensis and C. raphanifolia at four localities is explored. Using(More)
Phylogenetic relationships, biogeography, and taxonomy of a group of taxa putatively related to the tetraploid Cardamine flexuosa were explored using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region of nrDNA (ITS) and the trnL-trnF region of cpDNA. Taxon sampling focused on eastern Asia, North America, and Europe, and included 19 taxa represented by 177(More)
UNLABELLED PREMISE OF THE STUDY Studies on genetic structure of plant populations help us understand the history of local flora and vegetation. In this study, we focus on the temperate-boreal herb Cardamine scutata from northeast Asia, an area with scarce phylogeographic studies. We explore patterns of genetic variation within this species, with an aim(More)
Cardamine hirsuta is a European annual weed that has been naturalized in Japan. Although the species is a widespread weed in Europe, its introduction to the Japanese Islands occurred recently. We hypothesized that the introduction of Cardamine hirsuta required adaptation that has delayed its spread in Japan. The aim of this study is to determine whether(More)