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Behavioral and event-related potential measures of distraction and reorientation were obtained from children (6 years), young (19-24 years) and elderly adults (62-82 years) in an auditory distraction-paradigm. Participants performed a go/nogo duration discrimination task on a sequence of short and long (50-50%) tones. In children, reaction times were longer(More)
OBJECTIVES Polymorphic regions of the dopamine D4 receptor gene and its promoter region are in the focus of psychogenetic association studies. Besides the accurate phenotype characterization, highly reliable genotyping methods are also of outstanding importance in these works. METHODS DNA samples of 598 healthy unrelated Caucasian individuals were used to(More)
Association between the human personality trait 'Novelty Seeking' and the polymorphism of the DRD4 gene was first reported by Ebstein and Benjamin in 1996. This was soon followed by replication studies in various ethnic groups and by studying the role of other neurotransmitter receptor and transporter genes in the genetic determination of human temperament.(More)
About 15% of one-year-old infants in non-clinical, low-risk and up to 80% in high-risk (eg maltreated) populations show extensive disorganized attachment behavior(1,2) in the Strange Situation Test.(3) It has also been reported that disorganization of early attachment is a major risk factor for the development of childhood behavior problems.(4) The collapse(More)
In non-clinical low-risk populations 15% of infants show disorganized attachment behavior(1,2) with their caregivers in the Strange Situation,(3) a mildly stressful laboratory procedure testing infants' ability to cope with separation anxiety. Disorganization of early attachment has been primarily ascribed to inadequate parenting,(2,4,5) and has been(More)
Following up the results of a previous population association study (Lakatos et al. [2000: Mol Psychiatry 5:633-637; Lakatos et al. [2002: Mol Psychiatry 7:27-31]) by analyses based on parental genetic data confirmed the link between infant attachment and the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene. Extended transmission disequilibrium tests (ETDT) were performed(More)
Disorganized attachment is an early predictor of the development of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence. Lyons-Ruth et al. (1999) developed the AMBIANCE coding scheme to assess disrupted communication between mother and infant, and reported the link between maternal behavior and disorganized attachment. The Hungarian group found an association(More)
Effects of DRD4 and 5-HTTLPR length polymorphisms have been reported on neonatal and infant temperament as well as adult personality traits. The 7-repeat form of the DRD4 III exon VNTR polymorphism has been associated with childhood ADHD, and recently we have reported its link with attachment disorganization in a nonclinical population of infants. Here, we(More)
One prerequisite of using auditory event-related brain potentials (ERP) in developmental and clinical research is to determine their reliability. We examined the individual stability and test-retest reliability of the ERP responses elicited by repetitive, slightly deviant, and novel sounds over 3 months in healthy 6-year-old children. When broken down to 20(More)
The polymorphic 5' upstream region of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene containing several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) has recently become a focus of association studies in psychiatric genetics. Most SNP genotyping methods are based on the two-step procedure of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). An alternative technique is a(More)