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Schizophrenia is a chronic disease associated with a significant and long-lasting health, social, and financial burden, not only for patients but also for families, other caregivers, and the wider society. Many national and local studies have sought to estimate the societal burden of the illness--or some components of it--in monetary terms. Findings vary.(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment options for depression include antidepressants, psychological therapy and a combination of the two. AIMS To develop cost-effective clinical guidelines. METHOD Systematic literature reviews were used to identify clinical, utility and cost data. A decision analysis was then conducted to compare the benefits and costs of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the cost-effectiveness of using magnesium sulphate for pre-eclampsia to prevent eclampsia. DESIGN Multinational trial-based economic evaluation. SETTING Thirty-three countries participating in the Magnesium Sulphate for Prevention of Eclampsia (Magpie) Trial. POPULATION Women (9996) with pre-eclampsia from the Magpie Trial. (More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), either alone or with additional instruction in incorporating the results into self-care, is more effective than usual care in improving glycaemic control in non-insulin-treated diabetes. DESIGN An open, parallel group randomised controlled trial. SETTING 24 general practices in(More)
Amartya Sen's multidimensional capability approach focuses on the importance of freedoms to be or do things people have reason to value. It is an alternative to standard utilitarian welfarism, the theoretical approach to quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and cost-utility analyses. Despite the limitations of the utility approach in capturing non-health(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the cost effectiveness of early postnatal discharge and home midwifery support with a traditional postnatal hospital stay. DESIGN Cost minimisation analysis within a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. SETTING The University Hospital of Geneva and its catchment area. POPULATION Four hundred and fifty-nine deliveries of a(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the cost effectiveness of self monitoring of blood glucose alone or with additional training in incorporating the results into self care, in addition to standardised usual care for patients with non-insulin treated type 2 diabetes. DESIGN Incremental cost utility analysis from a healthcare perspective. Data on resource use from the(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to ascertain quality-of-life measures and utility values associated with visual acuity in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The Medical Outcome Study Short Form with 36 items (SF-36) was administered to 4,051 individuals with type 2 diabetes who were enrolled in the Lipids in Diabetes Study, and their best attainable vision(More)
BACKGROUND The economic burden and health service use of eating disorders have received little attention, although such data are necessary to estimate the implications of any changes in clinical practice for patient care and health care resource requirements. This systematic review reports the current international evidence on the resource use and cost of(More)
BACKGROUND Many policy makers and other stakeholders in the EU have expressed interest in better understanding the performance of their own health systems to identify opportunities for improvement in effectiveness, efficiency and equity. Health system performance assessment (HSPA) has received considerable attention at EU level as an instrument to improve(More)