Judit Kálmán

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The induction of metallothionein-like proteins (MTLPs) as well as cadmium levels (Cd) was studied in tissues of gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata and flatfish Solea senegalensis after an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of cadmium (2.5 mg kg(-1) body weight). The liver, gills, intestine and blood of S. aurata as well as the liver and intestine of S.(More)
The harmful effects of contaminants on the ecosystems and humans are characterised by their environmental toxicity. The aim of this study was to assess applicability and reliability of several environmental toxicity tests, comparing the result of the whole soils and their water extracts. In the study real contaminated soils were applied from three different(More)
The Tinto and Odiel rivers are seriously affected by acid mine drainage (AMD) from the long-term mining activities in Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB). As a consequence, the Huelva estuary is heavily contaminated by metals and metalloids. This study presents an estimation of the seasonal variation, and the dissolved contaminant load transported by both rivers from(More)
This paper describes the testing of a saturated factorial design using a full factorial design. Saturated factorial designs are often used to test the robustness of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods, however they are based on several assumptions. A full factorial design relies on fewer assumptions and hence could be used to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND, AIM AND SCOPE The influence of pH (range 6.5-8.5) on the uptake of Zn, Cd, Pb, Cu, Ni, Cr, Hg, and As by juveniles of the clam Ruditapes philippinarum was examined in order to understand whether variation in sediment pH has significant repercussions on metal bioaccumulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Clams were exposed to sediments collected in(More)
Sediment quality assessments for regulatory purposes (i.e. dredged material disposal) are characterized by linking chemical and acute ecotoxicological data. The design of chronic bioassays that incorporate more sensible endpoints than acute tests is discussed to address sediment quality for environmental quality assessment and regulatory proposes. The(More)
The quality of sediments collected from two areas of the Spanish coast affected by different sources of contaminants has been compared in this study. The areas studied are the coast of Galicia affected by the oil spill from the tanker Prestige (November 2002) and the Gulf of Cádiz which suffers continuous inputs of contaminants from industries located in(More)
The relationship between the subcellular distribution of accumulated toxic metals into five operational fractions (subsequently combined into presumed detoxified and non-detoxified components) and toxicity in the clam Scrobicularia plana was investigated under different laboratory exposures. Clams were exposed to metal contaminated media (water and diet)(More)
Coastal areas and estuaries are particularly sensitive to metal contamination from anthropogenic sources and in the last few decades the study of space-time distribution and variation of metals has been extensively researched. The Gulf of Cadiz is no exception, with several rivers draining one of the largest concentrations of sulphide deposits in the world,(More)
The coast of Huelva is considered as a heavily contaminated area where the Tinto and Odiel rivers discharge after running through a metalliferous mining area in the Iberian Pyrite Belt and end in common estuary called Ría of Huelva. Lead is a highly toxic and widely distributed element in the aquatic environment; therefore there is a great interest in(More)