Judit E Horváth

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The onset of puberty is a concerted action of many factors which leads to cyclic LHRH release in rats. It has been demonstrated that; in common with vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is also involved in the differentiation of the central nervous system. In our previous work, it was shown that(More)
The aim of the present article was to investigate the influence of gonadectomy on pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) levels in different brain areas. In males, there seems to be an inverse relationship between gonadotropins and PACAP in the brain in the acute phase of castration: PACAP levels decreased in almost all brain areas(More)
UNLABELLED GnRH-III was reported to have selective FSH-releasing activity in rats and significant anticancer potency on human breast cancer cells. To improve either of these effects, 14 analogs were synthesized and investigated for FSH/LH stimulation and breast cancer inhibition. Analogs with single amino acid changes in positions 5-7 or 10 showed small or(More)
Lamprey gonadotropin releasing-hormone (LGnRH)-III, a hypothalamic neurohormone recently isolated from sea lamprey, was reported to have a selective stimulatory effect on follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) release in rats and suggested to be the mammalian FSH-releasing factor. In this study, we determined the relative luteinizing hormone (LH)- and(More)
The binding and internalization of a cytotoxic analogue of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH), T-98 (agonist [D-Lys6]LH-RH linked to glutaryl-2-(hydroxymethyl)anthraquinone), by rat anterior pituitary cells was investigated. Analogue T-98 was bound to pituitary membrane binding sites for LH-RH with a high affinity (Kd = 1.2 nM) and was 17 times(More)
The presence of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and its mRNAin the three levels of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal-ovarian axis was previously demonstrated using immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In the hypothalamus, PACAP is present in neuroendocrine effector(More)
In the search for more potent antagonists of hGH-RH, 20 new analogs were synthesized, purified and tested in vitro. All the analogs were based on the N-terminal sequence of 28 or 29 amino acid residues of hGH-RH, but contained D-Arg2 and Nle27 modifications. Most analogs had Phe (pCl)6 and Agm29 substituents. The effect of other substitutions such as Abu8(More)
The release of growth hormone (GH) and cAMP was studied in superfused rat pituitary cells by infusing growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) at different doses or a combination of GHRH and somatostatin 14 (SS-14). Three-minute pulses of GHRH caused a dose-dependent GH and cAMP release (effective concentration of 50% of the maximal biological effect is 0.21(More)
The LHRH-synthesizing neuron system was studied in young proestrous and old female rats, and in aged ovariectomized or reserpine-treated females. The medial preoptic area and septal region of old animals contains more LHRH positive perikarya compared to that of young proestrous rats. Reserpine treatment moderately increases the number of immunostainable(More)
A series of novel gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and Somatostatin analogs have been developed in our laboratory and were screened for antiproliferative and signal transduction inhibitory effect. Our GnRH analog Folligen, had significant antitumor activity on DMBA induced mammary carcinomas in rats without blocking ovarian functions. The direct effect(More)