Judes Poirier

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Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is associated with Alzheimer's neurofibrillary tangles and beta-amyloid protein in senile plaques. It also appears to play an important part in the redistribution of lipids that follows deafferentation and neurodegeneration in the brain. The gene for apoE is on chromosome 19, within the genomic region previously associated with(More)
Recent evidence indicates that apolipoprotein E (ApoE) plays a central role in the hippocampal response to injury. The co-ordinated expression of ApoE and its receptor, the ApoE/ApoB [low density lipoprotein (LDL)] receptor, appears to regulate the transport of cholesterol and phospholipids during the early and intermediate phases of the reinnervation(More)
Proteolytic processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) through an endosomal/lysosomal pathway generates carboxy-terminal polypeptides that contain an intact beta-amyloid domain. Cleavage by as-yet unidentified proteases releases the beta-amyloid peptide in soluble form. In Alzheimer's disease, aggregated beta-amyloid is deposited in extracellular(More)
Friedreich's ataxia is the most common inherited ataxia. Ninety-six percent of patients are homozygous for GAA trinucleotide repeat expansions in the first intron of the frataxin gene. The remaining cases are compound heterozygotes for a GAA expansion and a frataxin point mutation. We report here the identification of 10 novel frataxin point mutations, and(More)
ABCA1, a cholesterol transporter expressed in the brain, has been shown recently to be required to maintain normal apoE levels and lipidation in the central nervous system. In addition, ABCA1 has been reported to modulate beta-amyloid (Abeta) production in vitro. These observations raise the possibility that ABCA1 may play a role in the pathogenesis of(More)
Apolipoprotein D (apoD) is a member of the lipocalin family of proteins. Most members of this family are transporters of small hydrophobic ligands, although in the case of apoD, neither its physiological function(s) nor its putative ligand(s) have been unequivocally identified. In humans, apoD is expressed in several tissues, including the CNS, and its(More)
Apolipoprotein E is synthesized and secreted by astrocytes in the hippocampus following lesions of the entorhinal cortex. It was proposed that apolipoprotein E, by analogy to its role in cholesterol transport in circulation, could be involved in the salvage and reutilization of non-esterified cholesterol released during terminal breakdown. The salvaged(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is considered by the WHO classification to represent the most malignant grade of the astrocytic tumors. However, a subset of GBM includes recognizable areas with oligodendroglial features, suggesting that some GBM may also have an oligodendroglial origin. The aim of this study was to analyze the molecular profile of GBM associated with an(More)
Entorhinal cortex lesions (ECL) that damage the perforant path to the hippocampus induce rapid increases of apolipoprotein E (apo E) mRNA in the hippocampus. Apo E mRNA was localized in astrocytes by in situ hybridization in combination with immunocytochemistry for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Unilateral ECL also increased hippocampal GFAP mRNA,(More)
Substantial evidence suggests that the accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta)-derived peptides, and to a lesser extent free radicals, may contribute to the aetiology and/or progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) is a well-defined plant extract containing two major groups of constituents, i.e. flavonoids and terpenoids. It is(More)