Jude Ezeh Uzonna

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Infection of susceptible BALB/c mice with a large, moderate, or low number of Leishmania major parasites respectively results in progressive disease, the formation of substantial but stable lesions, denoted as borderline disease, and the absence of a visible lesion. Infection with a low number of parasites results over the long term in either subclinical(More)
An unresolved issue in the field of T helper (Th) cell development relates to the findings that low doses of antigen promote Th2 cell development in vitro, whereas several classic in vivo studies suggest the opposite. Here we resolve this paradox by studying the early immune response in mice after infection with different doses of Leishmania major. We found(More)
The complicated interactions between Leishmania and the host antigen-presenting cells (APCs) have fundamental effects on the final outcome of the disease. Two major APCs, macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs), play critical roles in mediating resistance and susceptibility during Leishmania infection. Macrophages are the primary resident cell for Leishmania:(More)
The balance between the products of L-arginine metabolism in macrophages regulates the outcome of Leishmania major infection. L-arginine can be oxidized by host inducible NO synthase to produce NO, which contributes to parasite killing. In contrast, L-arginine hydrolysis by host arginase blocks NO generation and provides polyamines, which can support(More)
BACKGROUND Trypanosoma congolense are extracellular and intravascular blood parasites that cause debilitating acute or chronic disease in cattle and other domestic animals. Diminazene aceturate (Berenil) has been widely used as a chemotherapeutic agent for trypanosomiasis in livestock since 1955. As in livestock, treatment of infected highly susceptible(More)
Although a great deal of knowledge has been gained from studies on the immunobiology of leishmaniasis, there is still no universally acceptable, safe, and effective vaccine against the disease. This strongly suggests that we still do not completely understand the factors that control and/or regulate the development and sustenance of anti-Leishmania(More)
Leishmania major parasites lacking the GDP-mannose transporter, termed Deltalpg2 parasites, fail to induce disease in mice but persist long-term. We previously found that Deltalpg2 organisms protect BALB/c mice from virulent L. major challenge. In contrast, we report here that Deltalpg2 parasites induce protective immunity in C57BL/6 mice only when(More)
We examine here the in vitro requirements to activate immunocompetent T cells, present among thymocytes, to give rise to CTL, CD4+ T cells producing IL-2 and CD8+ T cells producing IFN-gamma. These thymocytes are naive in not having received antigen-dependent signals characteristic of the periphery. Their activation, upon stimulation with allogeneic spleen(More)
BACKGROUND BALB/c mice are highly susceptible while C57BL/6 are relatively resistant to experimental Trypanosoma congolense infection. Although regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been shown to regulate the pathogenesis of experimental T. congolense infection, their exact role remains controversial. We wished to determine whether Tregs contribute to distinct(More)
Although it is generally believed that CD4(+) T cells play important roles in anti-Leishmania immunity, some studies suggest that they may be dispensable, and that MHC II-restricted CD3(+)CD4(-)CD8(-) (double negative, DN) T cells may be more important in regulating primary anti-Leishmania immunity. In addition, while there are reports of increased numbers(More)