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Soil-living rhizobia secrete lipochitin oligosaccharides known as Nod factors, which in Lotus japonicus are perceived by at least two Nod-factor receptors, NFR1 and NFR5. Despite progress in identifying molecular components critical for initial legume host recognition of the microsymbiont and cloning of downstream components, little is known about the(More)
A new method for enrichment of phosphopeptides in complex mixtures derived by proteolytic digestion of biological samples has been developed. The method is based on calcium phosphate precipitation of the phosphopeptides prior to further enrichment with established affinity enrichment methods. Calcium phosphate precipitation combined with phosphopeptide(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS), a common neurodegenerative disease of the CNS, is characterized by the loss of oligodendrocytes and demyelination. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), a proinflammatory cytokine implicated in MS, can activate necroptosis, a necrotic cell death pathway regulated by RIPK1 and RIPK3 under caspase-8-deficient conditions. Here, we(More)
In legumes rhizobial infection during root nodule symbiosis (RNS) is controlled by a conserved set of receptor proteins and downstream components. MtSYMREM1, a protein of the Remorin family in Medicago truncatula, was shown to interact with at least three receptor-like kinases (RLKs) that are essential for RNS. Remorins are comprised of a conserved(More)
Recently, bryophytes, which diverged from the ancestor of seed plants more than 400 million years ago, came into focus in photosynthesis research as they can provide valuable insights into the evolution of photosynthetic complexes during the adaptation to terrestrial life. This study isolated intact photosystem I (PSI) with its associated light-harvesting(More)
Immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) is widely used for phosphopeptide enrichment. However, the robustness, efficiency, and specificity of this technique in large-scale phosphoproteomics studies are still disputed. In this study, we first compared three widely used IMAC materials under three different conditions. Fe(III)-nitrilotriacetic(More)
Anther development, particularly around the time of meiosis, is extremely crucial for plant sexual reproduction. Meanwhile, cell-to-cell communication between somatic (especial tapetum) cells and meiocytes are important for both somatic anther development and meiosis. To investigate possible molecular mechanisms modulating protein activities during anther(More)
Phosphorylation is an important posttranslational modification of proteins in living cells and primarily serves regulatory purposes. Several methods were employed for isolating phosphopeptides from proteolytically digested plasma membranes of Arabidopsis thaliana. After a mass spectrometric analysis of the resulting peptides we could identify 10 different(More)
MS-based proteomics has emerged as a powerful tool in biological studies. The shotgun proteomics strategy, in which proteolytic peptides are analyzed in data-dependent mode, enables a detection of the most comprehensive proteome (>10 000 proteins from whole-cell lysate). The quantitative proteomics uses stable isotopes or label-free method to measure(More)
Streptomycetes are bacterial species that undergo a complex developmental cycle that includes programmed cell death (PCD) events and sporulation. They are widely used in biotechnology because they produce most clinically relevant secondary metabolites. Although Streptomyces coelicolor is one of the bacteria encoding the largest number of eukaryotic type(More)