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Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element found in many enzymes, however, excessive Mn-exposure can result in manganism which is similar to Parkinson's movement disorder. The mechanisms of manganism are not well-known. The present in vivo study was carried out to determine whether endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) and ER stress-mediated apoptosis(More)
In this study, to discuss the importance of the cell cycle distribution in cell-based in vitro toxicity mechanism studies, diethyl sulfate (DES) was selected as a model chemical that induced the alteration of the cell cycle distribution in human bronchial epithelial cell line 16HBE 14o- (HBE) cells. Cells were treated with various concentrations of DES,(More)
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