Juanjuan Fan

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We propose an interaction tree (IT) procedure to optimize the subgroup analysis in comparative studies that involve censored survival times. The proposed method recursively partitions the data into two subsets that show the greatest interaction with the treatment, which results in a number of objectively defined subgroups: in some of them the treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies have shown a bimodal curve in the distribution of glucose in populations with a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes, but bimodality has not been reported among whites of Northern European ancestry. It is not clear whether this difference reflects the lower prevalence of diabetes, obscuring a second mode, or implies a more(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the selective vasopressin type 1a receptor agonist selepressin (FE 202158) is as effective as the mixed vasopressin type 1a receptor/vasopressin V2 receptor agonist vasopressor hormone arginine vasopressin when used as a titrated first-line vasopressor therapy in an ovine model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia-induced severe(More)
PURPOSE To determine the association between change from baseline in the optic nerve head (ONH) and the visual field (VF) during follow-up of ocular hypertension participants in the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study. DESIGN Longitudinal randomized clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS One hundred sixty-eight eyes of 152 ocular hypertensive participants ages 40(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the occurrence of normal visual field (VF) test results following 2 vs 3 consecutive, abnormal, reliable test results in the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study. METHODS The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study is a prospective, multicenter follow-up study as part of a longitudinal randomized clinical trial. Sixty-four (68 eyes) of(More)
Assessing treatment effects in observational studies is a multifaceted problem that not only involves heterogeneous mechanisms of how the treatment or cause is exposed to subjects, known as propensity, but also differential causal effects across sub-populations. We introduce a concept termed the facilitating score to account for both the confounding and(More)
A method of constructing trees for correlated failure times is put forward. It adopts the backfitting idea of classification and regression trees (CART) (Breiman et al., 1984, in Classification and Regression Trees). The tree method is developed based on the maximized likelihoods associated with the gamma frailty model and standard likelihood-related(More)
N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) is an enzyme that catalyzes β1-6 branching of N-acetylglucosamine on asparagine (N)-linked oligosaccharides (N-glycan) of cell proteins and the dysfunction of which is a common feature of various carcinomas. Nevertheless, the role of GnT-V remains controversial. Therefore, the clinical implication of GnT-V(More)
We propose a new sparse estimation method for Cox (1972) proportional hazards models by optimizing an approximated information criterion. The main idea involves approximation of the ℓ0 norm with a continuous or smooth unit dent function. The proposed method bridges the best subset selection and regularization by borrowing strength from both. It mimics the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate whether baseline visual field data and asymmetries between eyes predict the onset of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) participants. METHODS A new index, mean prognosis (MP), was designed for optimal combination of visual field thresholds, to discriminate between eyes that developed POAG(More)