Juanita F Wood

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CC49 is a "second generation" monoclonal antibody to B72.3, which reacts with the pancarcinoma antigen TAG-72. CC49 has been shown to efficiently target human colon carcinoma xenografts and is currently being evaluated in both diagnostic and therapeutic clinical trials. We describe here the construction and characterization of a recombinant single-chain Fv(More)
Six individual amino acid substitutions at separate positions in the tertiary structure of subtilisin BPN' (EC were found to increase the stability of this enzyme, as judged by differential scanning calorimetry and decreased rates of thermal inactivation. These stabilizing changes, N218S, G169A, Y217K, M50F, Q206C, and N76D, were discovered(More)
Single-chain Fv (sFv) proteins consist of the variable heavy chain (VH) and variable light chain (VL) domains of an antibody, covalently joined by an engineered polypeptide linker. We report the crystallization of single-chain Fv's with specificities for fluorescein (4-4-20 sFv) and the TAG-72 pan-carcinoma glycoprotein antigen (CC49 sFv). Concentration of(More)
A weak Ca2+ binding site in the bacterial serine protease subtilisin BPN' (EC was chosen as a model to explore the feasibility of stabilizing a protein by increasing the binding affinity at a metal ion binding site. The existence of this weak Ca2+ binding site was first discovered through a study of the rate of thermal inactivation of wild-type(More)
Introduction of a disulfide bond by site-directed mutagenesis was found to enhance the stability of subtilisin BPN' (EC under a variety of conditions. The location of the new disulfide bond was selected with the aid of a computer program, which scored various sites according to the amount of distortion that an introduced disulfide linkage would(More)
In previous studies, we have compared the immunochemical properties, the in vivo pharmacokinetics, and the tumor penetrance of a radioiodinated single-chain Fv (sFv) in comparison with other immunoglobulin (Ig) forms (intact IgG, F(ab')2, and Fab') (Cancer Res., 51: 6363-6371, 1991). Biodistribution studies demonstrated a higher percent injected dose/g in(More)
The effects of linker length on binding affinity and degree of aggregation have been examined in the antifluorescein 4-4-20 and anticarcinoma CC49 single-chain Fvs. Longer linkers in the antifluorescein sFvs have higher affinities for fluorescein and aggregate less. A proteolytically susceptible site between Lys8 and Ser9, in the previously reported 212(More)
A procedure has been developed for the isolation and identification of mutants in the bacterial serine protease subtilisin that exhibit enhanced thermal stability. The cloned subtilisin BPN' gene from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens was treated with bisulfite, a chemical mutagen that deaminates cytosine to uracil in single-stranded DNA. Strains containing the(More)
The crystal complex of fluorescein bound to the high-affinity anti-fluorescein 4-4-20 Fab (Ka = 10(10) M-1 at 2 degrees C) has been determined at 1.85 A. Isomorphous crystals of two isoelectric forms (pI = 7.5 and 7.9) of the anti-fluorescein 4-4-20 Fab, an IgG2A [Gibson et al. (1988) Proteins: Struct. Funct. Genet., 3, 155-160], have been grown. Both(More)
Hydrolysis of acetylcholine by acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is extremely rapid, with a second-order hydrolysis rate constant k(E) (often denoted k(cat)/K(M)) that approaches 10(8) M(-1) s(-1). AChE contains a deep active site gorge with two sites of ligand binding, an acylation site (or A-site) containing the catalytic triad at the base of the gorge and a(More)