Juana Villeda-Hernández

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Alzheimer Disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder and the most common form of dementia. Histopathologically is characterized by the presence of two major hallmarks, the intracellular neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and extracellular neuritic plaques (NPs) surrounded by activated astrocytes and microglia. NFTs consist of paired helical filaments of(More)
Excitotoxicity and disrupted energy metabolism are major events leading to nerve cell death in neurodegenerative disorders. These cooperative pathways share one common aspect: triggering of oxidative stress by free radical formation. In this work, we evaluated the effects of the antioxidant and energy precursor, levocarnitine (L-CAR), on the oxidative(More)
Excitotoxicity elicited by overactivation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors is a well-known characteristic of quinolinic acid-induced neurotoxicity. However, since many experimental evidences suggest that the actions of quinolinic acid also involve reactive oxygen species formation and oxidative stress as major features of its pattern of toxicity, the use(More)
Quinolinic acid (QUIN), a well known excitotoxin that produces a pharmacological model of Huntington's disease in rats and primates, has been shown to evoke degenerative events in nerve tissue via NMDA receptor (NMDAr) overactivation and oxidative stress. In this study, the antioxidant selenium (as sodium selenite) was tested against different markers of(More)
Intrastriatal injection of quinolinic acid (QUIN) to rodents reproduces some biochemical, morphological, and behavioral characteristics of Huntington's disease. NAD(P)H oxidase is an enzymatic complex that catalyzes superoxide anion (O(2).(-)) production from O(2) and NADPH. The present study evaluated the role of NAD(P)H oxidase in the striatal damage(More)
Experimental evidence has shown that some garlic-derived products have a protective effect against ischemic brain injury. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of aged garlic extract (AGE), establish the therapeutic window, and determine its protective mechanism in a cerebral ischemia model. Animals were subjected to middle cerebral(More)
Experiments were designed to evaluate different variables of the dopaminergic system in the temporal cortex of surgically treated patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) associated with mesial sclerosis (MTLE, n=12) or with cerebral tumor or lesion (n=8). In addition, we sought to identify dopaminergic abnormalities in those patients with epilepsy that(More)
Neurotoxicity associated with lead exposure may be the result of a series of small perturbations in brain metabolism, and, in particular, of oxidative stress. Some studies have suggested a lead-induced enhancement on lipid peroxidation as a possible mechanism for some toxic effects of lead. However, there are no reports about the association between lipid(More)
In the last 20 years, acute and chronic cocaine addiction has increased among young and adult people. The effects of cocaine on brain vasculature of young animals have not been histologically studied in depth. In the present study, we report the lesions of brain capillaries, including the choroid plexus, produced by chronic cocaine administration, in adult(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is neurotoxic metal which induces histopathological damage and oxidative stress through free radicals over production. Metallothionein (MT) is a protein able to scavenge free radicals and to chelate metals. In this study we describe the lipid peroxidation (LPO) and MT content in the brain of developing rats exposed at Cd 1 mg/kg/day intra(More)