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Intrinsic or resting state functional connectivity MRI and structural covariance MRI have begun to reveal the adult human brain's multiple network architectures. How and when these networks emerge during development remains unclear, but understanding ontogeny could shed light on network function and dysfunction. In this study, we applied structural(More)
Structural and functional connectivity methods are changing how researchers conceptualize and explore neuropsychiatric disease. Here, we summarize emerging evidence of large-scale network dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia, focusing on the divergent impact these disorders have on the default mode network and(More)
Neurodegenerative diseases target large-scale neural networks. Four competing mechanistic hypotheses have been proposed to explain network-based disease patterning: nodal stress, transneuronal spread, trophic failure, and shared vulnerability. Here, we used task-free fMRI to derive the healthy intrinsic connectivity patterns seeded by brain regions(More)
We propose to use dynamic Bayesian networks (DBN) to learn the structure of effective brain connectivity from functional MRI data in an exploratory manner. In our previous work, we used Bayesian networks (BN) to learn the functional structure of the brain (Zheng, X., Rajapakse, J.C., 2006. Learning functional structure from fMR images. NeuroImage 31 (4),(More)
We propose a novel method to automatically segment subcortical structures of human brain in magnetic resonance images by using fuzzy templates. A set of fuzzy templates of the structures based on features such as intensity, spatial location, and relative spatial relationship among structures are first created from a set of training images by defining the(More)
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is increasingly conceived as reflecting altered functional and structural brain connectivity. The latter can be addressed with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We examined fractional anisotropy (FA), a DTI index related to white matter structural properties, in adult male subjects diagnosed with ADHD(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small regulatory RNAs that modulate the expression of approximately half of all human genes. Small changes in miRNA expression have been associated with several psychiatric and neurological disorders, but whether the polymorphisms in genes involved in the processing of miRNAs into maturity influence the susceptibility of a person to(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of neoplasm. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within miRNAs can change their phenotype and function. We attempted to analyze the relationship between two SNP loci in miRNAs and colorectal cancer (CRC) in Chinese Han population. We genotyped the polymorphism of two common miRNA SNPs,(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the risk factors for pelvic lymph node metastasis (PLNM) in patients with early-stage uterine cervical cancer. METHODS A total of 192 patients with early-stage uterine cervical cancer (FIGO stage IA2, IB1, and IIA1) receiving radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy were included in the statistical(More)
Neuroscience is increasingly focusing on developmental factors related to human structural and functional connectivity. Unfortunately, to date, diffusion-based imaging approaches have only contributed modestly to these broad objectives, despite the promise of diffusion-based tractography. Here, we report a novel data-driven approach to detect similarities(More)