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Functional recovery after transplantation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-modified neural stem cells (NSCs) was evaluated in a rat model of cerebral ischaemia damage induced by temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrated upregulated BDNF protein expression by rat(More)
To determine whether the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on electroconvulsive shock (ECS) was through affecting endogenous opioid peptidergic system in the hippocampus, we used radioimmunoassay (RIA) to measure leu-enkephalin- and beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity (L-E-LI and Beta-E-LI) in the hippocampal perfusate after ECS and EA treatments. Wistar(More)
Our previous studies have indicated that the thalamic nucleus submedius (Sm) is involved in modulation of nociception as part of an ascending component of an endogenous analgesic system consisting of spinal cord-Sm-ventrolateral orbital cortex (VLO)-periaqueductal gray (PAG)-spinal cord loop and that microinjection of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) into Sm(More)
The present study examined the role of α₂ adrenoceptor in mediating noradrenaline action in the ventrolateral orbital cortex (VLO) on allodynia induced by spared nerve injury (SNI) in the rat. The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) was measured using von-Frey filaments. Microinjection of noradrenaline (1, 2, 4 μg in 0.5 μl) into the VLO,(More)
Our previous studies have indicated that the thalamic nucleus submedius (Sm) is involved in modulation of nociception as part of an ascending component of an endogenous analgesic system consisting of spinal cord-Sm-ventrolateral orbital cortex (VLO)-periaqueductal gray (PAG)-spinal cord loop. Microinjection of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) into Sm produces(More)
Previous studies have indicated that the thalamic nucleus submedius (Sm) and the anterior pretectal nucleus (APtN) are involved in the descending modulation of nociception. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the opioid receptors in the Sm and APtN mediated the electroacupuncture (EA)-produced analgesia. The latency of tail flick (TF) reflex(More)
Radioreceptor-binding assay combined with autoradiography technique in the brain slices of rats was used to investigate cerebral areas related to electroconvulsive shock (ECS) and to analyze changes of opioid receptors of these areas in electroacupuncture (EA) anticonvulsion. The results from image processing and detection of optic density (O.D.) showed(More)
RIA and HPLC-ECD were used respectively to detect beta-endorphin-like immunoreactive substances (beta-EPIS), noradrenaline and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyloglycol (MHPG), a noradrenaline metabolite, in the perfusate from the rabbit's preoptic area before and after 10 min of electroacupuncture (EA). It was found that, the content of beta-EPIS in the perfusate(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of NMDA and NK1 receptor agonist and antagonist on the EMG and the synaptic mechanism of nociceptive information transmissions in the spinal cords. METHODS Male SD rats were randomly divided into seven groups, with intrathecal injection of the following chemicals respectively: control group (10 microL saline), NMDA group(More)