Juan Vicente Sánchez-Andrés

Learn More
Glutamate controls the induction of GABA-mediated giant depolarizing potentials through AMPA receptors in neonatal rat hippocampal slices. Giant depolarizing potentials (GDPs) are generated by the interplay of the depolarizing action of GABA and glutamate. In this study, single and dual whole cell recordings (in current-clamp configuration) were performed(More)
For a constant membrane potential, a predominantly inhibitory GABAergic synaptic response is shown to undergo long-term transformation into an excitatory response after pairing of exogenous gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) with postsynaptic depolarization or pairing of pre- and postsynaptic stimulation. Current- and voltage-clamp experiments suggest that this(More)
1. Pancreatic beta-cells oscillate synchronously when grouped in islets. Coupling seems essential to maintain this oscillatory behaviour, as isolated cells are unable to oscillate. This allows the islet to be used as a model system for studying the role of coupling in the generation of oscillatory patterns. 2. Pairs of beta-cells were intracellularly(More)
1. The characteristics of the electrical activity of beta-cells from islets of Langerhans recorded in vivo are described. For blood glucose concentrations from 4 to 11 mM, the electrical activity of pancreatic beta-cells is oscillatory, with alternating depolarized and hyperpolarized phases. During the depolarized phases, action potentials are triggered. 2.(More)
Classical conditioning of Hermissenda, involving paired light-rotation events, results in a 30-35% decrease in the levels of a 20-kDa G protein (cp20). To test whether a similar protein exists in vertebrates, rabbits were trained to associate a tone with periorbital electrical stimulation and G proteins were analyzed by photoaffinity labeling with(More)
Rhythmic spontaneous bursting is a fundamental hallmark of the immature hippocampal activity recorded in vitro. These bursts or giant depolarizing potentials (GDPs) are GABA- and glutamatergic-driven events. The mechanisms of GDPs generation are still controversial, since although a hilar origin has been suggested, GDPs were also recorded from isolated CA3(More)
The mutual enhancement of insulin release by glucose and amino acids is not clearly understood. In this study, the effects on electrical activity and insulin release of a mixture of amino acids and glucose at concentrations found in fed (aaFD) and fasted (aaFT) animals were determined using freshly isolated mouse islets. Islets perifused with aaFD mixture(More)
Proper insulin secretion requires the coordinated functioning of the numerous beta cells that form pancreatic islets. This coordination depends on a network of communication mechanisms whereby beta cells interact with extracellular signals and adjacent cells via connexin channels. To assess whether connexin-dependent communication plays a role in vivo, we(More)
1. The properties of the oscillations in electrical activity of different beta-cells within the same islet of Langerhans, and of different islets within the same pancreas, recorded in vivo, are described. 2. Simultaneous recordings of two cells within the same islet showed that the oscillations were synchronous. A rapid increase in blood glucose led to the(More)
The effect of alpha-ketoisocaproate (KIC), the first catabolic metabolite of the amino acid leucine, on [Ca2+]i, insulin release, and membrane potential was measured in mouse pancreatic islets of Langerhans. Stimulatory concentrations of KIC (2.5-10 mmol/l) caused slow oscillations of [Ca2+]i and cyclic variations of the membrane potential. Slow [Ca2+]i(More)