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Since its discovery, gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) has appeared to act as a key neuropeptide in the control of vertebrate reproduction. GnIH acts via the novel G protein-coupled receptor 147 (GPR147) to inhibit gonadotropin release and synthesis. To determine the physiological functions of GnIH in the pig, a study was conducted to clone and(More)
RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) has been proposed as a key inhibitory regulator of mammalian reproduction. To further determine the potential mechanisms and sites of action of RFRP-3, we systematically investigated the direct effect of RFRP-3 on the female pig reproductive axis in vitro. Initially, we confirmed that G protein-coupled receptor 147(More)
CD147 plays a critical role in the invasive and metastatic activity of malignant melanoma cells by stimulating the surrounding fibroblasts to express matrix metalloproteinases and vascular endothelial growth factor. We developed a system that blocks CD147 in the human malignant melanoma cell line, A375, using RNA interference. By transfecting melanoma cells(More)
Liver progenitor cells have drawn a great deal of attention both for their therapeutic potential and for their usefulness in exploring the molecular events surrounding liver development and regeneration. Despite the intensive studies on liver progenitors from rats, equivalent progenitor cells derived from mice are relatively rare. We used retrosine(More)
Serum samples from a total of 713 wild rats captured in Zhanjiang city in China from December 2011 to September 2012 were investigated for the prevalence of rat hepatitis E virus (HEV) by exploring rat HEV-specific antibodies and RNA. By an ELISA based on recombinant rat HEV-like particles (HEV-LPs), 23.3% (166/713) of the rats were positive for anti-HEV(More)
On 26 May 2015, an imported Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was identified in Guangdong Province, China, and found to be closely related to the MERS-CoV strain prevalent in South Korea. The full genome of the ChinaGD01 strain was sequenced and analyzed to investigate the epidemiology and evolution of MERS-CoV circulating in South(More)
HPLC-PDA-MS and TLC analysis were used to look for minor cytotoxic chlorinated valepotriates from whole plants of Valeriana jatamansi (syn. Valeriana wallichii DC.). This resulted in isolation of 15 chlorinated valepotriates, designated as chlorovaltrates A-O, together with six known analogues, (1S,3R,5R,7S,8S,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1,5-dihydroxyvalechlorine,(More)
Radiotherapy (RT) as a preoperative or postoperative adjuvant or primary treatment is the most common management modality for locally advanced cervical cancer. Radioresistance of tumor cells remains a major therapeutic problem. Consequently, we aimed to explore if the stem cell biomarkers SOX2 and OCT4 protein could be used to predict radioresistance in(More)
An ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with tunable UV detector (UPLC-TUV) and rapid resolution liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (RRLC-Q-TOF) method was developed for the quality assessment of Niu Huang Jie Du Pill (NHJDP), a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Ten compounds were(More)
OBJECTIVES The effects of nuciferine, a major active aporphine alkaloid from the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn, on a cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) probe substrate were investigated in vitro and in vivo. METHODS Nuciferine and recombinant human CYP1A2 were incubated together to study the impact of nuciferine on CYP1A2 in vitro. Nuciferine was(More)