Juan Sabatté

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Although the development of an acidic tissue environment or acidosis is a hallmark of inflammatory processes, few studies analyze the effect of extracellular pH on immune cells. We have previously shown that exposure of murine dendritic cells (DCs) to pH 6.5 stimulates macropinocytosis and cross-presentation of extracellular Ags by MHC class I molecules. We(More)
Dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule 3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN) is expressed by dendritic cells (DCs) at mucosal surfaces and appears to play an important role in the dissemination of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. DC-SIGN binds HIV-1 gp120 and efficiently transmits the virus to T CD4(+) cells, which become(More)
Inflammation in peripheral tissues is usually associated with the development of local acidosis; however, there are few studies aimed at analyzing the influence of acidosis on immune cells. We have shown previously that extracellular acidosis triggers human neutrophil activation, inducing a transient increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration, a shape(More)
Semen is the main vector for HIV-1 dissemination worldwide. It contains three major sources of infectious virus: free virions, infected leukocytes, and spermatozoa-associated virions. We focused on the interaction of HIV-1 with human spermatozoa and dendritic cells (DCs). We report that heparan sulfate is expressed in spermatozoa and plays an important role(More)
Seminal plasma is not just a carrier for spermatozoa. It contains high concentrations of cytokines, chemokines, and other biological compounds that are able to exert potent effects on the immune system of the receptive partner. Previous studies have shown that semen induces an acute inflammatory response at the female genital mucosa after coitus. Moreover,(More)
Neutrophils not only play a critical role as a first line of defense against bacteria and fungi infections but also contribute to tissue injury associated with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Neutrophils are rapidly and massively recruited from the circulation into injured tissues displaying an impressive arsenal of toxic weapons. Although effective(More)
The C-type lectin receptor dendritic cell-specific ICAM-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN) is an important player in the recognition of pathogens by dendritic cells. A plethora of pathogens including viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi are recognized by DC-SIGN through both mannose and fucose-containing glycans expressed on the pathogen surface. In this(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the only antigen-presenting cell capable of activating naïve T lymphocytes, and hence they play a crucial role in the induction of adaptive immunity. Immature DCs sample and process antigens, and efficiently sense a large variety of signals from the surrounding environment. Upon activation, they become capable to activate naïve T(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most efficient antigen-presenting cells. They are activated in the periphery by conserved pathogen molecules and by inflammatory mediators produced by a variety of cell types in response to danger signals. It is widely appreciated that inflammatory responses in peripheral tissues are usually associated with the development of(More)
Local acidosis is a common feature of allergic, vascular, autoimmune, and cancer diseases. However, few studies have addressed the effect of extracellular pH on the immune response. Here, we analyzed whether low pH could modulate complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) against IgG-coated cells. Using human serum as a complement source, we found that(More)