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BACKGROUND Impaired DNA repair capacity may favorably affect survival in cisplatin/gemcitabine-treated non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We investigated the association of survival with genetic polymorphisms in X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 and group 3 (XRCC3), xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD), excision repair cross-complementing(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A toxins, in contrast to other pore-forming toxins, bind two putative receptor molecules, aminopeptidase N (APN) and cadherin-like proteins. Here we show that Cry1Ab toxin binding to these two receptors depends on the toxins' oligomeric structure. Toxin monomeric structure binds to Bt-R1, a cadherin-like protein, that induces(More)
PURPOSE The survivin gene is a novel apoptosis inhibitor, related to the baculovirus gene, which is believed to play a pivotal role in fetal development and in cancer. We hypothesised that survivin would be expressed in tumors of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and we attempted to determine the influence of survivin re-expression on(More)
Three hundred and fifty-nine US Marines participated in a randomized double-blind clinical trial to assess tolerance of two prophylactic mefloquine regimens [250 mg salt weekly (n = 157) or 250 mg daily for 3 days followed by 250 mg weekly (n = 46)] compared with 300 mg weekly chloroquine (n = 156) over a 12-week period. The study participants were seen(More)
OBJECTIVES A study of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) can provide data of interest about cortical alterations in psychotic illnesses. Although a decreased NAA level in the cerebral cortex is a replicated finding in chronic schizophrenia, the data are less consistent for bipolar disease. On the other hand, it is likely that NAA values in schizophrenia may differ in(More)
Increased portal pressure during variceal bleeding may have an influence on the treatment failure rate, as well as on short- and long-term survival. However, the usefulness of hepatic hemodynamic measurement during the acute episode has not been prospectively validated, and no information exists about the outcome of hemodynamically defined high-risk(More)
Two exocellular nucleases with molecular masses of 18 and 34 kDa, which are nutritionally regulated and reach their maximum activity during aerial mycelium formation and sporulation, have been detected in Streptomyces antibioticus. Their function appears to be DNA degradation in the substrate mycelium, and in agreement with this proposed role the two(More)
To assess the clinical significance of varix of the intraabdominal portion of the umbilical vein, we reviewed 10 cases diagnosed prenatally by ultrasonography at a median gestational age of 27 weeks. A comprehensive anatomic survey and serial follow-up scans were performed in each case. All three fetuses with associated anomalies died in utero, and prenatal(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the accuracy of laparoscopy performed within 24 h of admission and the conventional method based on clinical observation in the etiological diagnosis of non-specific acute lower abdominal pain (NSLAP) in women of reproductive age. METHODS A total of 110 patients who met the selection criteria and were seen from November 1997 to June(More)
Streptomycetes differ from other prokaryotic organisms in their mycelial life cycle and in possessing a large, linear, GC-rich chromosome. To deduce structural features of the Streptomyces origin of chromosomal replication, the oriC sequences of three Streptomyces species (S. antibioticus, S. chrysomallus and S. lividans) were compared. In Streptomyces, the(More)