Juan Ruiz-Manzano

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the GenoType MTBDRplus assay (Hain Lifescience GmbH, Nehren, Germany) for its ability to detect resistance to rifampin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical strains and directly in clinical samples. A total of 62 clinical strains characterized with the Bactec 460TB system were included.(More)
BACKGROUND An inadequate response to initial empirical treatment of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) represents a challenge for clinicians and requires early identification and intervention. A study was undertaken to quantify the incidence of failure of empirical treatment in CAP, to identify risk factors for treatment failure, and to determine the(More)
We evaluated the T-SPOT.TB and Quantiferon-TB Gold In tube (QFN-G-IT) tests for diagnosing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. T-SPOT.TB was more sensitive than QFN-G-IT in diagnosing both active and latent infection. Both gamma interferon tests were unaffected by prior Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination. Among children who were not BCG vaccinated but(More)
Intrathoracic lymph node enlargement is a common finding in patients with extrathoracic malignancies. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a technique that is commonly used for lung cancer diagnosis and staging but that has not been widely investigated for the diagnosis of enlarged mediastinal and lobar lymph nodes(More)
BACKGROUND The adherence to long tuberculosis (TB) treatment is a key factor in TB control programs. Always some patients abandon the treatment or die. The objective of this study is to identify factors associated with defaulting from or dying during antituberculosis treatment. METHODS Prospective study of a large cohort of TB cases diagnosed during(More)
OBJECTIVE The identification of biological markers in order to assess different aspects of COPD is an area of growing interest. The objective of this study was to investigate whether levels of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and neopterin in COPD patients could be useful in identifying the etiological origin of the exacerbation and assessing(More)
Pulmonary TB should be suspected in patients with respiratory symptoms longer than 2-3 weeks. Immunosuppression may modify clinical and radiological presentation. Chest X-ray shows very suggestive, albeit sometimes atypical, signs of TB. Complex radiological tests (CT scan, MR) are more useful in extrapulmonary TB. At least 3 serial representative samples(More)
The objectives of the study were to assess the performance of the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFN-G-IT) and the T-SPOT.TB tests in the immunodiagnosis of active tuberculosis (TB) in adult patients, and to study the T-cell interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) responses during treatment and in patients who have recovered after curative treatment and self-healed TB(More)
BACKGROUND Health care workers (HCWs) are a group at risk of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The aims of this study were to determine IFN-gamma response by QuantiFERON-TB GOLD In Tube (QFN-G-IT) and T-SPOT.TB in HCWs, comparing the results with tuberculin skin test (TST); and to analyze the capacity of IFN-gamma tests to detect recent versus remote(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), and risk factors for tuberculosis skin test (TST) conversion among Healthcare workers (HCWs) during a 20-year follow-up period. DESIGN Prospective cohort analysis. Surveillance was conducted from January 1, 1988, to December 31, 2007. SETTING 600-bed tertiary referral hospital(More)