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An environmental measurement and correlation study of nondietary ingestion of pesticides was carried out in a colonia in south Texas. The purpose of the study was to evaluate young children's exposure to environmental levels of organophosphate (OP) pesticides in the household. Samples were collected to measure levels of OP pesticides in housedust and on(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether preexisting coxofemoral subluxation/luxation predisposes to postoperative total hip replacement (THR) luxation. STUDY DESIGN Case series. ANIMALS Dogs (n=100) that had cemented THR (n=109); 23 normal controls. METHODS A preliminary study was performed to validate our methods of assessing luxation and laxity by(More)
Xenobiotic cannabinoid CB1/CB2-receptor agonists appear to possess broad-spectrum antiemetic activity since they prevent vomiting produced by a variety of emetic stimuli including the chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin, serotonin 5-HT3-receptor agonists, dopamine D2/D3-receptor agonists and morphine, via the stimulation of CB1-receptors. The purpose of this(More)
Substance P (SP) is thought to play a cardinal role in emesis via the activation of central tachykinin NK1 receptors during the delayed phase of vomiting produced by chemotherapeutics. Although the existing supportive evidence is significant, due to lack of an appropriate animal model, the evidence is indirect. As yet, no study has confirmed that emesis(More)
An environmental measurement and correlation study of infant and toddler exposure to pesticides was carried out in a colonia south of the city of Laredo, Texas. As part of the study, homes were visited during the late spring or summer, and during the winter of 2000-2001. At each visit, families reported on their use of pesticides in and around the home and(More)
We have evaluated the anti-platelet and vascular pharmacology of AR246686, a novel 5-hydroxytryptamine2A (5-HT2A) receptor antagonist. AR246686 displayed high affinity binding to membranes of HEK cells stably expressing recombinant human and rat 5-HT2A receptors (Ki=0.2 nM and 0.4 nM, respectively). Functional antagonism (IC50=1.9 nM) with AR246686 was(More)
The Genotype®MTBDRplus molecular test is a method that allows identification of the most frequent mutations associated with resistance to major first-line antituberculosis drugs, Isoniazid (INH) and Rifampicin (RfP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the molecular test with culture and smear-positive sputum samples. We evaluated 95(More)
Although the neurotransmitter basis of chemotherapy-induced vomiting (CIV) is thought to be multifactorial, it is generally accepted that acute (immediate) CIV is mainly due to the release of serotonin (5-HT) within the gastrointestinal tract, while the delayed phase occurs following substance P (SP) release in the brainstem. The aim of the current study(More)
The neurocircuitry mediating the emetic reflex is still incompletely understood, and a key question is the degree to which central and/or peripheral components contribute to the overall vomiting mechanism. Having previously found a significant peripheral component in neurokinin NK-receptor mediated emesis, the authors undertook this study to examine the(More)