Juan Ramón de Los Toyos

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OBJECTIVE Acute respiratory failure is a significant complication of severe pneumococcal pneumonia. In a mouse model, we observed early-onset lung microvascular leakage after pulmonary infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae, and we hypothesized that the important virulence factor pneumolysin may be the direct causative agent. DESIGN Controlled, in vivo,(More)
Thiol-activated cytolysins share a conserved hydrophobic, Trp-rich undecapeptide that is suggested to be involved in membrane binding and intercalation. The neutralizing monoclonal antibody PLY-5 recognizes all members of this toxin family and peptide mapping assigned its epitope to the undecapeptide motif. This antibody inhibited binding of the toxins to(More)
We developed mouse monoclonal antibodies (Abs) against pepsinogen C with highly purified antigen isolated from gastric mucosa. The Abs were used to construct a two-site sandwich-type assay for pepsinogen C with time-resolved fluorometry as a detection technique. The assay has a detection limit of 0.1 microgram/L and is precise (within-run and day-to-day CVs(More)
A chemiluminescent sandwich ELISA test has been developed for the detection and quantitation of pneumolysin. The test is based on a mouse monoclonal as the capture antibody and on rabbit polyclonal IgGs as detection antibodies, in combination with an anti-rabbit IgG alkaline phosphatase conjugate. The estimated detection limit of the purified recombinant(More)
Pneumolysin (PLY) is an important virulence factor of Streptococcus pneumoniae. We examined the ability of three murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to PLY (PLY-4, PLY-5, and PLY-7) to affect the course of pneumococcal pneumonia in mice. The intravenous administration of antibodies PLY-4 and PLY-7 protected the mice from the lethal effect of the purified(More)
Listeriolysin O (LLO) is a thiol-activated cytolysin secreted by Listeria monocytogenes. LLO and phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C are two essential virulence factors, which this bacterium needs to escape from the phagosomal compartment to the cytoplasm. Cathepsin-D specifically cleaves LLO, between the Trp-491 (tryptophan amino acid in three letter(More)
Pneumolysin (PLY) is a cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) produced by Streptococcus pneumoniae, the main cause of community-acquired pneumonia. We have applied a set of diverse molecular methodologies (PCR-derived PLY peptides, biopanning of a library of phage-displayed random nonapeptides, indirect ELISA and competition tests with soluble peptides) to(More)
A pneumolysin-based agglutination test which allows an easy, rapid, cost-effective, and accurate (100% specific and 95% sensitive) discrimination between pneumococci and other related human and animal pathogenic bacterial strains has been assayed.
An ELISA test has been employed for the detection of pneumolysin (PLY) in urine from 14 pneumococcal pneumonia patients and from 11 healthy adult volunteers. The urines of all the 11 healthy adult volunteers developed signals around the mean of the blanks, whereas all the pneumococcal pneumonia patient urines rendered signals at least five times this mean.(More)
The quantitative expression of E-cadherin, thrombomodulin, CD44H and CD44v6 in 32 specimens of primary tumours of pharynx/larynx squamous cell carcinoma and their lymph node metastases was studied by immunohistochemistry. With the aim of obtaining comparative and objective data, image acquisition conditions were kept unaltered for all the measurements and(More)