Juan R. Malagelada

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Two patients with acute panautonomic neuropathy had severe impairment of sympathetic and parasympathetic function of acute onset. Autonomic tests suggesting a postganglionic lesion and direct evidence of loss of unmyelinated and small myelinated fibers on nerve biopsy were found in Patient 1. There was a selective loss of small myelinated and unmyelinated(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to determine the proportion of cases with abnormal intestinal motility among patients with functional bowel disorders. To this end, we applied an original method, previously developed in our laboratory, for analysis of endoluminal images obtained by capsule endoscopy. This novel technology is based on computer vision and machine(More)
1. Experimental studies in animals suggest the existence of thermoreceptors in the gastrointestinal tract. Our aim was to investigate the distribution and specificity of upper gut thermoreceptors in humans. 2. In healthy subjects, thermal stimulation of the stomach (n = 8) and the small intestine (n = 6) was produced by means of a thermostat, which(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal epithelial dysfunction is a common pathophysiologic feature in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients and might be the link to its clinical manifestations. We previously showed that chronic psychosocial stress induces jejunal epithelial barrier dysfunction; however, whether this epithelial response is gender-specific and might thus(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Paying attention to the gut may magnify perception of abdominal symptoms, but the actual influence of attention by anticipatory knowledge and distraction on gut perception remains poorly defined. The aim of this study was to determine whether mental activity, attention vs. distraction, affects intestinal perception and whether mental(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibitory neuromuscular transmission in the human colon is due to nitrergic and purinergic (P2Y1 -mediated) inputs. The aim of this study was to determine the mechanisms of neuromuscular transmission in different regions of the human small intestine. METHODS Ileal (n = 6) and jejunal (n = 6) samples underwent histological examination and were(More)
Labyrinthine stimulation and cold pain inhibit feeding antral pressure activity, delay gastric emptying, and increase blood concentrations of beta-endorphin and norepinephrine. Further, labyrinthine stimulation induces, in approximately one-third of healthy individuals, a migrating burst of motor activity in the proximal intestine that interrupts the normal(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common and well-accepted diagnosis but often imprecisely applied to patients in usual clinical practice. Diagnosis is entirely based on symptom criteria that tend to include broad strata of abdominal complainers. Established criteria for diagnosis are strictly followed in controlled clinical trials for new therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND Gut dysfunctions may be associated to digestive symptoms. We hypothesized that the gut can also originate pleasant sensations, and wished to demonstrate the hedonic component of the digestive response to a meal. METHODS Healthy subjects (n = 42) were evaluated during basal fasting conditions and during experimentally induced fullness sensation(More)
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