Learn More
Mutations in the cohesin regulators NIPBL and ESCO2 are causative of the Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) and Roberts or SC phocomelia syndrome, respectively. Recently, mutations in the cohesin complex structural component SMC1A have been identified in two probands with features of CdLS. Here, we report the identification of a mutation in the gene encoding(More)
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) manifests facial dysmorphic features, growth and cognitive impairment, and limb malformations. Mutations in three genes (NIPBL, SMC1A, and SMC3) of the cohesin complex and its regulators have been found in affected patients. Here, we present clinical and molecular characterization of 30 unrelated patients with CdLS. Eleven(More)
Mitochondrial HMG-CoA synthase deficiency is an inherited metabolic disorder caused by a defect in the enzyme that regulates the formation of ketone bodies. Patients present with hypoketotic hypoglycaemia, encephalopathy and hepatomegaly, usually precipitated by an intercurrent infection or prolonged fasting. The diagnosis may easily be missed as previously(More)
DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) are mainly repaired via homologous recombination (HR) or nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ). These breaks pose severe threats to genome integrity but can also be necessary intermediates of normal cellular processes such as immunoglobulin class switch recombination (CSR). During CSR, DSBs are produced in the G1 phase of the cell(More)
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase (HL) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder that affects ketogenesis and l-leucine catabolism, which generally appears during the first year of life. Patients with HL deficiency have a reduced capacity to synthesize ketone bodies. The disease is caused by lethal mutations in the HL gene (HMGCL). To(More)
HMG-CoA lyase (HL) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder that affects ketogenesis and leucine catabolism. We report a new Spanish patient who bears the frequent nonsense mutation G109T (Mediterranean mutation). This mutation can produce aberrant splicing with three mRNA variants: one of the expected size, the second with deletion of exon(More)
This study describes three novel homozygous missense mutations (S75R, S201Y, and D204N) in the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) lyase gene, which caused 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria in patients from Germany, England, and Argentina. Expression studies in Escherichia coli show that S75R and S201Y substitutions completely abolished the HMG-CoA(More)
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is characterized by facial dysmorphism, growth failure, intellectual disability, limb malformations, and multiple organ involvement. Mutations in five genes, encoding subunits of the cohesin complex (SMC1A, SMC3, RAD21) and its regulators (NIPBL, HDAC8), account for at least 70% of patients with CdLS or CdLS-like(More)
Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) is a congenital autosomal dominant (NIPBL, SMC3 and RAD21) or X-linked (SMC1A and HDAC8) disorder characterized by facial dysmorphism, pre and postnatal growth retardation, developmental delay and/or intellectual disability, and multiorgan involvement. Musculoskeletal malformations are usually bilateral and affect mainly(More)
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a multisystem genetic disorder with distinct facies, growth failure, intellectual disability, distal limb anomalies, gastrointestinal and neurological disease. Mutations in NIPBL, encoding a cohesin regulatory protein, account for >80% of cases with typical facies. Mutations in the core cohesin complex proteins, encoded(More)