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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the performance of three rapid low-cost methods for the detection of resistance to first-line drugs in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. METHODS One hundred M. tuberculosis clinical isolates were tested by the nitrate reductase assay (NRA), the MTT test and the resazurin microtitre assay (REMA), and the results compared with those(More)
OBJECTIVES To perform a multicentre study to evaluate the performance of the colorimetric redox indicator (CRI) assay and to establish the MICs and critical concentrations of rifampicin, isoniazid, ofloxacin, kanamycin and capreomycin. METHODS The study was carried out in two phases. Phase I determined the MIC of each drug. Phase II established critical(More)
The emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis calls for new, rapid drug susceptibility tests. We have tested 150 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates against the second-line drugs ethionamide, kanamycin, capreomycin, ofloxacin, and para-aminosalicylic acid by the colorimetric resazurin microtiter assay and the proportion method. By visual reading, MICs(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the leading public health problems worldwide. Declared as a global emergency in 1993 by the WHO, its control is hampered by the emergence of multidrug resistance (MDR), defined as resistance to at least rifampicin and isoniazid, two key drugs in the treatment of the disease. More recently, severe forms of drug resistance(More)
Aotus lemurinus monkeys were immunized with pools of either lipid-tailed peptides injected in PBS or peptides in Montanide ISA-51, all derived from four Plasmodium falciparum pre-erythrocytic antigens, namely, LSA1, LSA3, SALSA, and STARP. These formulations were well tolerated. Their immunogenicity was demonstrated by the induction of both B- and T-cell(More)
An in-house mycobacteriophage amplification assay for detecting rifampin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis showed 100% sensitivity, 97.7% specificity, and 95.2% predictive value for resistance in a test of 129 isolates from a hot spot area of multidrug-resistant M. tuberculosis. The applicability of the test was demonstrated in the routine work flow of a(More)
We have evaluated the performance of two rapid, low-cost methods for the detection of ofloxacin (OFX) resistance with 95 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from countries with high multidrug-resistant tuberculosis endemicity. Results obtained by nitrate reductase and resazurin assays showed 100% agreement with those of the proportion method on 7H11 agar(More)
The identification of mycobacterial species in clinical isolates is essential for making patient care decisions. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction enzyme analysis (PRA) is a simple and rapid identification method, based on amplification of 441 bp of the hsp65 gene and restriction with BstEII and HaeIII. As a contribution to the validation of PRA,(More)
Tuberculosis is still a major health problem worldwide. Although treatment regimens currently available can cure almost all tuberculosis drug susceptible cases, problems such as the length of treatment, the need for multidrug therapy, the emergence of drug resistance, HIV co-infection and persistent Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli, stress the need for(More)
RD(Rio) is a novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis lineage of the Latin American-Mediterranean (LAM) family. LAM has been found worldwide but is more predominant in South America. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of the RD(Rio) lineage and LAM family in the city of Rio Grande, Brazil, and to investigate the fitness of these strains based on(More)