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A set of different protein kinases have been involved in tau phosphorylations, including glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3 beta), MARK kinase, MAP kinase, the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) system and others. The latter system include the catalytic component Cdk5 and the regulatory proteins p35, p25 and p39. Cdk5 and its neuron-specific activator p35(More)
Alzheimer's disease, the cause of one of the most common types of dementia, is a brain disorder affecting the elderly and is characterized by the formation of two main protein aggregates: senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, which are involved in the process leading to progressive neuronal degeneration and death. Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress activates the adaptive unfolded protein response (UPR), but that beyond a certain degree of ER damage, this response triggers apoptotic pathways. The general mechanisms of the UPR and its apoptotic pathways are well characterized. However, the metabolic events that occur during the(More)
Mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) is a key protein in mitochondrial fusion and it participates in the bridging of mitochondria to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Recent data indicate that Mfn2 ablation leads to ER stress. Here we report on the mechanisms by which Mfn2 modulates cellular responses to ER stress. Induction of ER stress in Mfn2-deficient cells caused massive(More)
The cdk5 and its activator p35 constitute one of the main tau-phosphorylating systems in neuronal cells. Under normal conditions for neurons, its activity is required for modulating tau involvement in neuronal polarity and in development of the mammalian central nervous system. Recently, we reported that the treatment of rat hippocampal cells in culture(More)
A number of natural and synthetic flavonoids have been assessed previously with regard to their effects on the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdk1 and -2) related to the inhibition of cell cycle progression. On the other hand, the Cdk5/p35 system is of major importance in neuronal migration phenomena and brain development, and its deregulation is(More)
Cytoskeleton organization is sensitive to regulatory signals at both spatial and temporal levels. In differentiating neurons, regulation of cell architecture is specially relevant, and tau plays a major role in the outgrowth of neurites and axonal development. Tau activity in determining neuronal polarity is modulated by protein kinases including cdk5. A(More)
Mitochondrial fusion and fission is a dynamic process critical for the maintenance of mitochondrial function and cell viability. During excitotoxicity neuronal mitochondria are fragmented, but the mechanism underlying this process is poorly understood. Here, we show that Mfn2 is the only member of the mitochondrial fusion/fission machinery whose expression(More)
In this workshop paper, we share the design and on-going implementation of our HRTeam framework, which is constructed to support multiple robots working with a human operator in a dynamic environment. The team is comprised of one human plus a heterogeneous set of inexpensive, limited-function robots. Although each individual robot has restricted mobility(More)
Within the context of human/multi-robot teams, the " help me help you " paradigm offers different opportunities. A team of robots can help a human operator accomplish a goal, and a human operator can help a team of robots accomplish the same, or a different, goal. Two scenarios are examined here. First, a team of robots helps a human operator search a(More)