Juan Pablo Castanedo-Cázares

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The pathogenesis of melasma has not been clearly elucidated. Using Fontana Masson; diastase-resistant periodic acid-Schiff stains; and immunohistochemistry to stem cell factor (SCF), its receptor c-kit, anti-mast cell tryptase, and anti-collagen type IV antibody, we evaluated melasma lesions and compared them with perilesional skin and photoprotected skin.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of topical 0.1% tacrolimus vs 0.05% clobetasol propionate. DESIGN Randomized double-blind trial. SETTING Department of Dermatology, Hospital Central Dr Ignacio Morones Prieto, San Luis Potosí, México. PARTICIPANTS From 20 children with vitiligo, 2 symmetrical lesions of about the same size and evolution time(More)
BACKGROUND Sensitive skin (SS) is a hyper-reactive condition of the skin secondary to external factors, without objective signs of lesion. Its pathogenesis is still under investigation. Transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) is a cation channel that responds to low pH and is related to nociception, neurogenic inflammation, and pruritus. AIMS To(More)
BACKGROUND Actinic prurigo (AP) is a chronic familial photodermatosis usually seen in Latin-American Mestizo and Indian populations. It frequently begins in childhood and is more prevalent in females. The pathogenesis of AP has not been clearly elucidated, but previous studies have suggested an immune-mediated condition. Many drugs have been employed to(More)
The pathogenesis of melasma, a common, photo-induced hyperpigmentary disorder, is not clearly understood. Significant factors linked to melasma are ultraviolet radiation exposure and genetic predisposition. Histological analysis has demonstrated that melasma is caused by a network of cellular interactions among melanocytes, keratinocytes, mast cells,(More)
BACKGROUND Melasma is an acquired treatment-resistant hyperpigmentation of the skin. METHODS Sixteen women with idiopathic melasma were included in our trial. After randomization by another clinician, they were instructed to use, at night, 5% ascorbic acid cream on one side of the face and 4% hydroquinone cream on the other side, for 16 weeks. Sunscreen(More)
BACKGROUND Melasma is an acquired hyperpigmentation on sun-exposed areas. Multiple approaches are used to treat it, but all include broad ultraviolet (UV)-spectrum sunscreens. Visible light (VL) can induce pigmentary changes similar to those caused by UV radiation on darker-skinned patients. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of sunscreen with(More)
Melasma is an abnormal acquired hyperpigmentation of the face of unknown origin, it is considered a single disease and very little has been found regarding its pathogenesis. It is usually assumed that melasma is due to excessive melanin production, but excessive retention or abnormal metabolism of this molecule has not yet been considered. In order to(More)
OBJECTIVE The presence in the brain of α-synuclein containing Lewy neurites, or bodies, is the histological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). The discovery of α-synuclein aggregates in nerve endings of the heart, digestive tract, and skin has lent support to the concept of PD as a systemic disease. Our goals were, first, to demonstrate the presence of(More)