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The zinc transporter ZIP8 is highly expressed in T cells derived from human subjects. T cell ZIP8 expression was markedly up-regulated upon in vitro activation. T cells collected from human subjects who had received oral zinc supplementation (15 mg/day) had higher expression of the activation marker IFN-gamma upon in vitro activation, indicating a(More)
Infection and inflammation produce systemic responses that include hypozincemia and hypoferremia. The latter involves regulation of the iron transporter ferroportin 1 by hepcidin. The mechanism of reduced plasma zinc is not known. Transcripts of the two zinc transporter gene families (ZnT and Zip) were screened for regulation in mouse liver after(More)
New insights into mammalian zinc metabolism have been acquired through the identification and characterization of zinc transporters. These proteins all have transmembrane domains, and are encoded by two solute-linked carrier (SLC) gene families: ZnT (SLC30) and Zip (SLC39). There are at least 9 ZnT and 15 Zip transporters in human cells. They appear to have(More)
Zinc metabolism is well regulated over a wide range of dietary intakes to help maintain cellular zinc-dependent functions. Expression of transporter molecules, which influence zinc influx and efflux across the plasma and intracellular membranes, contributes to this regulation. We have examined in rats the comparative response of zinc transporters 1, 2, and(More)
Zip14 is a member of the SLC39A zinc transporter family, which is involved in zinc uptake by cells. Up-regulation of Zip14 by IL-6 appears to contribute to the hepatic zinc accumulation and hypozincemia of inflammation. At least three members of the SLC39A family transport other trace elements, such as iron and manganese, in addition to zinc. We analyzed(More)
Zn homeostasis in animals is a consequence of avid uptake and retention, except during conditions of limited dietary availability, and/or factors such as parasites, which compete for this micronutrient or compromise retention by the host. Membrane proteins that facilitate Zn transport constitute the SLC30A (ZnT) and SLC39A (Zip) gene families. Because(More)
Zinc is critical for the functional and structural integrity of cells. We have used the monocytic cell line THP-1 as a model in which to study both the responsiveness of metallothionein and ZIP2 transporter expression to zinc depletion induced by the intracellular zinc chelator TPEN [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl) ethylenediamine] and the extent of(More)
Differential mRNA display and cDNA array analysis have identified zinc-regulated genes in small intestine, thymus and monocytes. The vast majority of the transcriptome is not influenced by dietary zinc intake, high or low. Of the genes that are zinc regulated, most are involved in signal transduction (particularly influencing the immune response), responses(More)
Faulty autophagy has been linked to various diseases including neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes, and cancer. Increasing evidence support the notion that activation of autophagy protects against ethanol-induced steatosis and liver injury. Herein, we investigated the role of zinc in autophagy in human hepatoma cells VL-17A exposed or not to ethanol.(More)