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Users may view, print, copy, download and text and data-mine the content in such documents, for the purposes of academic research, subject always to the full Conditions of use: Competing financial interests The authors have no competing financial or commercial interests. Author contributions JAV, HH, and EWD led the current implementation of the(More)
Directional cell movement in response to external chemical gradients requires establishment of front-rear asymmetry, which distinguishes an up-gradient protrusive leading edge, where Rac-induced F-actin polymerization takes place, and a down-gradient retractile tail (uropod in leukocytes), where RhoA-mediated actomyosin contraction occurs. The signals that(More)
The MAL (MAL/VIP17) proteolipid is a nonglycosylated integral membrane protein expressed in a restricted pattern of cell types, including T lymphocytes, myelin-forming cells, and polarized epithelial cells. Transport of the influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) to the apical surface of epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells appears to be mediated by(More)
Transcytosis is used alone (e.g., hepatoma HepG2 cells) or in combination with a direct pathway from the Golgi (e.g., epithelial MDCK cells) as an indirect route for targeting proteins to the apical surface. The raft-associated MAL protein is an essential element of the machinery for the direct route in MDCK cells. Herein, we present the functional(More)
Diacylglycerol kinase zeta is a member of the diacylglycerol kinase family of enzymes, which generate phosphatidic acid through diacylglycerol phosphorylation. In addition to the catalytic and cysteine-rich domains found in all diacylglycerol kinases, diacylglycerol kinase zeta has a MARCKS domain as well as a C-terminal region containing four ankyrin(More)
The range of heterogeneous approaches available for quantifying protein abundance via mass spectrometry (MS)(1) leads to considerable challenges in modeling, archiving, exchanging, or submitting experimental data sets as supplemental material to journals. To date, there has been no widely accepted format for capturing the evidence trail of how quantitative(More)
The comprehensive analysis of gene expression in complex biological systems has demanded the development of new technologies to study the cell transcriptome and the cell proteome. Each approach has advantages and disadvantages from both the conceptual and the methodological viewpoints. Differential proteomics, the comparison of distinct proteomes (eg normal(More)
Titania (TiO₂)-based nanocomposites subjected to light excitation are remarkably effective in eliciting microbial death. However, the mechanism by which these materials induce microbial death and the effects that they have on microbes are poorly understood. Here, we assess the low dose radical-mediated TiO₂ photocatalytic action of such nanocomposites and(More)
Diacylglycerol (DAG) generation at the T cell immunological synapse (IS) determines the correct activation of antigen-specific immune responses. DAG kinases (DGKs) α and ζ act as negative regulators of DAG-mediated signals by catalyzing DAG conversion to phosphatidic acid (PA). Nonetheless, the specific input of each enzyme and their spatial regulation(More)