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From rat circumvallate papillae a novel phospholipase C (PLC) subtype has been cloned and identified as most closely related to human PLC beta2. The corresponding mRNA was only detected in sensory lingual tissue but not in non-taste lingual tissue or any other tissues examined by Northern blot analysis. In situ hybridization revealed that a subset of taste(More)
Laser scanning confocal microscopy in combination with the fluorescent calcium indicators Fluo-3 and Fura-Red was employed to estimate the intracellular concentration of free calcium ions in individual olfactory receptor neurons and to monitor temporal and spatial changes in the Ca(2+)-level upon stimulation. The chemosensory cells responded to odorants(More)
The chemo-electrical transduction process in olfactory neurons is accompanied by a rapid and transient increase in intracellular calcium concentrations. The notion that Na+/Ca2+ exchanger activities may play a major role in extruding calcium ions out of the cell and maintaining Ca2+ homeostasis in olfactory receptor cells was assessed by means of laser(More)
To gain an understanding of the olfactory signal transduction process, individual chemosensory neurons have been assessed for odor-induced Ca2+ responses and the molecular elements of transduction cascades using Ca2+ imaging technique in combination with single-cell RT-PCR approaches. It has been demonstrated that responsiveness of cells to cyclic AMP or(More)
In previous experiments we have shown that acute (30 minutes) exposure to phorbol esters or other protein kinase C activators causes increased transepithelial permeability, specifically by the increased paracellular permeability through tight junctions. However, the role of protein kinase C activators in carcinogenesis is predicted upon a chronic exposure(More)
The second messengers 3'-5'-cyclic-monophosphate (cAMP) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) have been implicated in olfactory signal transduction in various species. The results of the present study provide evidence that the two olfactory second messenger pathways in rat olfactory neurons do not work independently but rather show a functional(More)
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