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BACKGROUND Folate plays a pivotal role in DNA synthesis, repair, methylation and homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism. Therefore, alterations in the folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism may lead to abnormal methylation proliferation, increases of tumor/neoplasia and vein thrombosis/cardiovascular risk. The serine hydroxymethyhransferase (SHMT), methionine(More)
OBJECTIVE It was reported that there are cardiac stem cells (CSCs) in the rat heart, and they could reconstitute well-differentiated myocardium that are formed by blood-carrying new vessels and myocytes. However, how do the CSCs migrate into the peri-infarcted areas after myocardial infarction (MI)? It remains entirely unknown about the signal transduction(More)
Ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) is a major cause of heart failure. Recently cardiac stem cells (CSCs) were proposed as the most appropriate cell type for heart disease therapy. However, it is still unclear whether I/R can stimulate the CSCs homing to the injured myocardium. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a 30-min ischaemia followed by reperfusion of(More)
BACKGROUND Our objective was to evaluate the MTHFR C677T-A1298C polymorphisms in patients with breast cancer and in individuals with no history of cancer, to compare the levels of genetic damage and apoptosis under folic acid (FA) deficiency between patients and controls, and to assess associations with breast cancer. METHODS Genetic damage was marked by(More)
BACKGROUND 5-HT3 receptor antagonists are effective antiemetics for perioperative use. However, their effects on myometrial contractility remain unknown. We examined whether three different 5-HT3 receptor antagonists could affect the contraction of human myometrium. METHODS Samples of human myometrium were taken from parturients undergoing elective(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect (harms and benefits) of nitrates for stable angina. METHODS We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE and EMBASE. Randomized controlled trials with both parallel and crossover design were included. The following outcome measures were evaluated: number of angina attacks weekly and(More)
Hyperglycemia in the acute phase of myocardial infarction (MI) is a marker of worse prognosis in both diabetic and non-diabetic patients; however, the role of hyperglycemia in the homing of cardiac stem cells (CSCs) to damaged myocardium post-MI and the possible mechanisms involved are not well understood. In this study, an MI model was induced in(More)
The Sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling and STAT3 pathways play important roles during carcinogenesis with possible interaction. To determine the association of the activation of SHH signaling pathway and STAT3 pathway in carcinogenesis of human non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC), firstly we examined the expression of SHH signaling molecules including SHH,(More)
BACKGROUND Tongxinluo capsule is a medicine consisting of traditional Chinese herbs and insects used for cardiovascular diseases in China and some other Asian countries. To date the evidence of its effect has not previously been subject to systematic review, making it difficult to derive robust conclusions about its actual benefits, and indeed, possible(More)
OBJECTIVES The trail investigated the effect of small dose sufentanil or fentanyl administrated before the end of surgery in reducing the incidence of emergence agitation after anesthesia with sevoflurane in preschool children undergoing ophthalmology surgery, and the incidence of emergence agitation of sevoflurane anesthesia. METHODS From September 2011(More)