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BACKGROUND Bone metastases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in men with prostate cancer. Preclinical studies suggest that osteoclast inhibition might prevent bone metastases. We assessed denosumab, a fully human anti-RANKL monoclonal antibody, for prevention of bone metastasis or death in non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. (More)
PURPOSE We determined the testosterone castration level with clinical relevance in patients with prostate cancer on continuous androgen deprivation therapy. Secondary objectives were to analyze the role of associated bicalutamide in breakthrough increases of serum testosterone in these patients and the possible benefit of maximal androgen blockade. (More)
In a search for molecular markers of progression in prostate cancer by means of differential display, we have identified a new gene, which we have designated PTOV1. Semiquantitative RT-PCR has established that nine out of 11 tumors overexpress PTOV1 at levels significantly higher than benign prostatic hyperplasia or normal prostate tissue. The human PTOV1(More)
OBJECTIVE • To investigate androgen receptor (AR) expression in a large series of patients with bladder cancer (BC) because data on a limited number of patients showed that loss of AR expression was associated with invasive BC. PATIENTS AND METHODS • A total of 472 patients with urothelial bladder carcinoma (UBC) from two institutional centres (Toronto(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an angiogenic factor that stimulates endothelial cell growth and enhances vascular permeability. VEGF exerts its action by binding to the specific cell surface receptors, fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (Flt-1) and fetal liver kinase 1 (FLK/KDR). In tumor angiogenesis, Vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine factors predictive of positive findings at the 3-month follow-up evaluation (after transurethral resection of bladder tumour [TUR] and bacille Calmette-Guérin [BCG] therapy) in patients with initial high-grade (HG)T1 bladder cancer, and to assess the depth of lamina propria (LP) invasion and effectiveness of BCG therapy. PATIENTS(More)
PTOV1 is a mitogenic protein that shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm in a cell cycle-dependent manner. It consists of two homologous domains arranged in tandem that constitute a new class of protein modules. We show here that PTOV1 interacts with the lipid raft protein flotillin-1, with which it copurifies in detergent-insoluble floating(More)
UNLABELLED WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: Metabolic syndrome can identify patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide and is associated with increased age, obesity and hypogonadism. The association between metabolic syndrome and prostate cancer development has not(More)
The objective of our study was to analyze the value of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels before and after androgen suppression to predict the time to androgen-independent progression (AIP) in patients with advanced and metastatic prostate cancer. A series of 283 prostate cancer patients under androgen suppression as a single treatment was studied. The(More)