Juan Miguel Gómez-Zumaquero

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BACKGROUND A recent study using a rat model found significant differences at the time of diabetes onset in the bacterial communities responsible for type 1 diabetes modulation. We hypothesized that type 1 diabetes in humans could also be linked to a specific gut microbiota. Our aim was to quantify and evaluate the difference in the composition of gut(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have investigated the effect of dietary polyphenols on the complex human gut microbiota, and they focused mainly on single polyphenol molecules and select bacterial populations. OBJECTIVE The objective was to evaluate the effect of a moderate intake of red wine polyphenols on select gut microbial groups implicated in host health(More)
Glucokinase (GK) is a glycolytic key enzyme that functions as a glucose sensor in the pancreatic beta-cell, where it governs glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). Heterozygous inactivating mutations in the glucokinase gene (GCK) cause a mild form of diabetes (maturity-onset diabetes of the young [MODY]2), and activating mutations have been associated(More)
BACKGROUND Several evidences indicate that gut microbiota is involved in the control of host energy metabolism. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the differences in the composition of gut microbiota in rat models under different nutritional status and physical activity and to identify their associations with serum leptin and ghrelin levels. METHODS In a case(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the existence of antibodies that react against malondialdehyde (MDA)-modified lipoprotein(a) (MDA-Lp[a]), a molecule that exhibits behavioral similarities to MDA-modified low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL), and to assess the possible relationship of these antibodies (anti-MDA-Lp[a]) to anti-MDA-LDL antibodies (anti-MDA-LDL) in the(More)
BACKGROUND Few European studies have used an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to examine the incidence of type 2 diabetes. We determined the incidence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes in a population from southern Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS A population-based cohort study was undertaken in Pizarra,(More)
BACKGROUND Transsexual persons afford a very suitable model to study the effect of sex steroids on uric acid metabolism. DESIGN This was a prospective study to evaluate the uric acid levels and fractional excretion of uric acid (FEUA) in a cohort of 69 healthy transsexual persons, 22 male-to-female transsexuals (MFTs) and 47 female-to-male transsexuals(More)
BACKGROUND The family kitchen resembles an uncontrolled laboratory experiment, and some discrepancies in the relation between the risk of hypertension and dietary fat may be partly due to the manipulation to which the fats were subjected. OBJECTIVE We investigated whether deterioration in the quality of the cooking oils in the family household contributes(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether circulating concentrations of antibodies against oxidized low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are increased in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS Oxidation of LDL and anti-oxidized LDL antibodies were measured in 26 patients with limited cutaneous SSc (LCSSc), in eight patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc (DCSSc)(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the role of Trp64Arg polymorphism of the ADRB3 gene in the risk of developing hyperuricemia in 1051 subjects from southern Spain, with a followup of 6 years. The inclusion of plasma levels of uric acid as a diagnostic criterion to define the metabolic syndrome is under discussion. Genes responsible for insulin resistance could contribute(More)