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In the last years there has been a growing interest in the construction space-time covariance functions. However, effective estimation methods for these models are somehow unexplored. In this paper we propose a composite likelihood approach and a weighted variant for the space-time estimation problem. The proposed method can be a valid compromise between(More)
The modified BCR three-step sequential extraction procedure was used to examine the temporal dynamics of trace elements in soils contaminated by an accidental spill from an opencast mine in south-west Spain. Soils were mainly contaminated with pyritic sludge and acidic wastewater, whereas some soils were affected only by acidic wastewater. The distributions(More)
In this work we predict the nonlinear behaviour of an eight-pole quasi-elliptic bandpass high temperature superconducting (HTS) filter with an equivalent circuit extracted from intermodulation measurements performed at the centre of the filter passband. We present measurements that show that the equivalent circuit is able to predict the intermodulation(More)
Here we compared the pH(stat) test, which examines the leachability of major elements (Ca, Mg, Al, Fe, and Mn), dissolved organic carbon, and trace elements (Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, and As) in a wide pH range, with single extraction tests based on the use of mild extractants (calcium chloride, acetic acid or EDTA). For this purpose, we examined samples from a(More)
We present a broadband on-wafer calibration from 45 MHz to 40 GHz for variable temperature measurements, which requires three standards: a thru, reflect, and series resistor. At room temperature, the maximum error of this technique, compared to a benchmark nine-standard multiline thru-reflect-line (TRL) method, is comparable to the repeatability of the(More)
This paper proposes a mechanism by which third-order intermodulation distortion, due to self-heating, is generated in transmission lines. This work shows how transmission lines made of several materials, whose properties are independent of the electric and magnetic fields, can generate important levels of intermodulation distortion. A circuit model(More)
We propose a procedure to characterize the intrinsic nonlinearities of bulk acoustic wave resonators by performing one-port measurements of the second harmonic and second-order intermodulation spurious signals. Closed-form expressions have been derived that relate the nonlinear stiffened elasticity with experimental observables. These formulas are valid in(More)
One of the difficult problems arising in many ecological models of development of plant communities and populations is how to estimate the aerial biomass in a non destructive way. This paper presents a nondestructive estimation of the aboveground biomass of plants of several species of Mediterranean shrubs. The method used combines the length-based(More)