Juan Manuel Vieites

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Legislation regarding the labeling of processed products is an important issue in the protection of consumer rights. This labeling is especially important in products that cannot be identified on the basis of their morphological characters, because these are removed from the animal in the transformation process. The goal of this study was the identification(More)
Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is a potent neurotoxin responsible for many human intoxications and fatalities each year. The origin of TTX is unknown, but in the pufferfish, it seems to be produced by endosymbiotic bacteria that often seem to be passed down the food chain. The ingestion of contaminated pufferfish, considered the most delicious fish in Japan, is the(More)
This review is an up-to-date compilation of the available literature, including scientific papers, reviews, and EFSA's opinions, on toxicity and risk assessment data on the main marine biotoxins of importance in the European Union, including the legislated ones and the ones of recent appearance which are not legislated. Information about the hazard(More)
Apoptotic changes induced by okadaic acid and yessotoxin in BE(2)-M17 neuroblastoma cells have been evaluated and quantified by combining classical methods and fast and sensitive fluorimetric microplate assays. The phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid induced rapid time- and dose-dependent apoptotic changes in this cell line, which were evident after 1h at(More)
The diarrhogenic activity of the marine toxin okadaic acid (OA) has been associated to its actin-disrupting effect, which could reflect the loosening of tight junctions in vivo. In this report, we present results obtained using a fluorimetric microplate assay for quantitative measurements of OA-induced changes on F-actin pools in BE(2)-M17 cells. The(More)
Okadaic acid (OA) is a tumour promoter that induces apoptosis in several cell models. Following previous findings, the objective of this work was to elucidate the pathways involved in OA-triggered apoptosis in BE(2)-M17 cells by using a combination of pharmacological agents and apoptosis-related assays. OA-induced apoptosis involves disruption of F-actin(More)
An interlaboratory collaborative study to validate a colorimetric phosphatase inhibition assay for quantitative determination of the okadaic acid (OA) toxins group in molluscs, OkaTest, was conducted. Eight test materials, including mussels, scallops, clams, and cockles, were analyzed as blind duplicates. Blank samples and materials containing different OA(More)
This paper reports on potential cellular targets of azaspiracid-1 (AZ-1), a new phycotoxin that causes diarrhoeic and neurotoxic symptoms and whose mechanism of action is unknown. In excitable neuroblastoma cells, the systems studied were membrane potential, F-actin levels and mitochondrial membrane potential. AZ-1 does not modify mitochondrial activity but(More)
In recent years, there has been an increase in the production of shellfish and in global demand for seafood as nutritious and healthy food. Unfortunately, a significant number of incidences of shellfish poisoning occur worldwide, and microalgae that produce phycotoxins are responsible for most of these. Phycotoxins include several groups of small to medium(More)
Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) results from the consumption of shellfish contaminated with okadaic acid (OA) or one of the dinophysistoxins (DTX). It has been reported that this toxin induces apoptosis in several cell models, but the molecular events involved in this process have not been clarified. In this report we studied intracellular signals(More)