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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In cerebral gliomas, rCBV correlates with tumor grade and histologic findings of vascular proliferation. Moreover, ADC assesses water diffusivity and is inversely correlated with tumor grade. In the present work, we have studied whether combined rCBV and ADC values improve the diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging in the preoperative(More)
The diagnosis of bone metastases is an event with certain consequences for the patient. They often mean pain and can also mean pathological fractures, hypercalcemia, and spinal cord compression, all synonymous with a diminished quality of life and often also hospitalization. Since the advent of the intravenous bisphosphonates, things began to look a bit(More)
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are very aggressive tumors that are resistant to conventional chemo- and radiotherapy. New molecular therapeutic strategies are required to effectively eliminate the subpopulation of GBM tumor-initiating cells that are responsible for relapse. Since EGFR is altered in 50% of GBMs, it represents one of the most promising targets;(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diffuse gliomas are classified as grades II-IV on the basis of histologic features, with prognosis determined mainly by clinical factors and histologic grade supported by molecular markers. Our aim was to evaluate, in patients with diffuse gliomas, the relationship of relative CBV and ADC values to overall survival. In addition, we(More)
Pharmacogenomics is the study of how variation in the genetic background affects an individual’s response to a specific drug and/or its metabolism. Using knowledge about the genes which produce the enzymes that metabolize a specific drug, a physician may decide to raise or lower the dose, or even change to a different drug. Targeted therapy with tyrosine(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this prospective and multicentric phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of temozolomide (TMZ) and bevacizumab (BV) in patients (pts) with recurrent glioblastoma (GB), previously treated with chemoradiotherapy and at least three cycles of adjuvant TMZ. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with GB at first relapse received BV 10(More)
The overall survival for patients with advanced papillary renal carcinoma (RCC) is still limited. Although multikinase inhibitors have recently been developed for clear cell carcinoma, response rates in other histology non-clear cell RCC are poor and patients often face dose-limiting toxicities which lead to a reduction in prognosis and treatment success.(More)
BACKGROUND Although pain is frequently experienced by patients with cancer, it remains under-treated. The primary aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of cancer-related neuropathic pain (CRNP) in patients with chronic pain who attended an outpatient clinic for standard care in Europe (irrespective of the reason or stage of the cancer). The(More)
Historically, brainstem gliomas have been considered as a single entity. Since the introduction of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the late 1980s, these tumors are now regarded as a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with different age of onset, clinical and radiologic presentation, and varying behavior and natural history. This article describes the(More)
The objective of this prospective open-label study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of oxcarbazepine in trigeminal neuralgia (TN) unresponsive to treatment with the standard antiepileptic drug, carbamazepine. Thirty-five patients with idiopathic TN, who underwent treatment with oxcarbazepine monotherapy for at least 12 weeks, were studied. Pain(More)