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BACKGROUND The combination of galunisertib, a transforming growth factor (TGF)-β receptor (R)1 kinase inhibitor, and lomustine was found to have antitumor activity in murine models of glioblastoma. METHODS Galunisertib (300 mg/day) was given orally 14 days on/14 days off (intermittent dosing). Lomustine was given as approved. Patients were randomized in a(More)
PURPOSE TGFβ signaling plays a key role in tumor progression, including malignant glioma. Small-molecule inhibitors such as LY2157299 monohydrate (LY2157299) block TGFβ signaling and reduce tumor progression in preclinical models. To use LY2157299 in the treatment of malignancies, we investigated its properties in a first-in-human dose (FHD) study in(More)
Purpose Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling plays a key role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tumors, including malignant glioma. Small molecule inhibitors (SMI) blocking TGF-β signaling reverse EMT and arrest tumor progression. Several SMIs were developed, but currently only LY2157299 monohydrate (galunisertib) was advanced to(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling plays an important role in the fetal development of cardiovascular organs and in the repair mechanisms of the heart. Hence, inhibitors of the TGF-β signaling pathway require a careful identification of a safe therapeutic window and a comprehensive monitoring of the cardiovascular system. Seventy-nine cancer(More)
INTRODUCTION Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is a disease affecting the central nervous system that is produced by persistent infection by a defective measles virus. This disease is very infrequent and its incidence has gone down even further in western countries since the introduction of generalised measles vaccinations. Onset of the disease is usually(More)
AIMS In the search for new, potentially treatable, vascular risk factors, one of the most recent to be put forward is the presence of increased total homocysteine (tHc) levels in blood plasma and this has also given rise to a large amount of literature and controversy. The origin of this hypothesis lies in the observation that patients with congenital(More)
Background. We conducted a multicenter, 2-stage, open-label, phase II trial to assess the efficacy and safety of dacomitinib in adult patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GB) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene amplification with or without EGFRvIII deletion. Methods. Patients with first recurrence were enrolled in two cohorts: Cohort A)(More)
INTRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT Migraine is an episodic primary headache defined by its clinical characteristics. Several pathophysiological hypotheses have been put forward in an attempt to explain the mechanism by which headaches develop in patients suffering from migraine. We believe that there are enough data available to consider that in the cerebral(More)
The present observational, multicenter, retrospective study investigated the efficacy and tolerability of lacosamide in controlling secondary epileptic seizures in patients with brain tumors in Spain. Data from the medical records of patients ≥18 years of age with brain tumors, who had received at least one dose of lacosamide for seizure management between(More)
INTRODUCTION 5% of patients with sarcoidosis are affected by neurological complications, of which myopathy is one of the least frequent. We report the clinical course and therapeutic response of two patients with sarcoid myopathy. CASE REPORTS We observed two females aged 63 and 55 who were previously diagnosed with sarcoidosis, which in one case was(More)